Daily Archives: January 8, 2020

Forts and Castles of Ghana: Albert Van Dantzig

The forts and castles of Ghana form a unique memorial to a precolonial period when representatives of European trading companies bartered as equals with African merchants. It was a colourful episode of world history spanning four centuries, from the fifteenth century Portuguese voyages of discovery to the beginings of the imperial epoch. This books traces the history of more than fifty forts, castles and trading posts built on Ghana’s coasts by various European nations. Each entry is accompanied by a descriptive guide and black and white illustrations.

Albert van Dantzig, originally from Holland, has lived in Ghana since 1963 and is the senior lecturer in history at the University of Ghana, he is the author of two previous books; The Dutch Participation in the Slave Trade and The Dutch on the Guinea Coast, 1680-1740.

Cartography: The Ideal and Its History: Matthew H. Edney

cartog

Over the past four decades, the volumes published in the landmark History of Cartography series have both chronicled and encouraged scholarship about maps and mapping practices across time and space. As the current director of the project that has produced these volumes, Matthew H. Edney has a unique vantage point for understanding what “cartography” has come to mean and include.

In this book Edney disavows the term cartography, rejecting the notion that maps represent an undifferentiated category of objects for study. Rather than treating maps as a single, unified group, he argues, scholars need to take a processual approach that examines specific types of maps—sea charts versus thematic maps, for example—in the context of the unique circumstances of their production, circulation, and consumption. To illuminate this bold argument, Edney chronicles precisely how the ideal of cartography that has developed in the West since 1800 has gone astray. By exposing the flaws in this ideal, his book challenges everyone who studies maps and mapping practices to reexamine their approach to the topic. The study of cartography will never be the same.

Shadows of Empire in West Africa: New Perspectives on European Fortifications (African Histories and Modernities): John Kwadwo Osei-Tutu, Victoria Ellen Smith

These essays reexamine European forts in West Africa as hubs where different peoples interacted, negotiated and transformed each other socially, politically, culturally, and economically. This collection brings together scholars of history, archaeology, cultural studies, and others to present a nuanced image of fortifications, showing that over time the functions and impacts of the buildings changed as the motives, missions, allegiances, and power dynamics in the region also changed. Focusing on the fortifications of Ghana, the authors discuss how these structures may be interpreted as connecting Ghanaian and West African histories to a multitude of global histories. They also enable greater understanding of the fortifications’ contemporary use as heritage sites, where the Afro-European experience is narrated through guided tours and museums.

About the editors:

Forts, Castles and Society in West Africa (African History): John Kwadwo Osei-Tutu

Long regarded as disturbing remnants of the Atlantic slave trade, the European forts and castles of West Africa have attained iconic positions as universally significant historical monuments and world heritage tourist destinations.

This volume of original contributions by leading Africanists presents extensive new historical views of the forts in Ghana and Benin, providing both impetus and a scholarly basis for further research and fresh debate about their historical and geographical contexts; their role in the slave trade; the economic and political connections, centred on the forts, between the Europeans and local African polities; and their place in variously focused heritage studies and endeavours.

$71 Million for More Cops; Not A Dime for Jobs and Healthcare

The Real News Network



Published on Jan 8, 2020

Operation Relentless Pursuit is a Department of Justice initiative to combat crime through a “surge in federal resources.” We talked with Brandon Walker of the Ujima People’s Progress Party about what’s really needed to combat crime and empower neighborhoods in places like Baltimore, one of the seven cities targeted by the plan.

How To Fight War Fever, Power Stand-Off + Fire & Water

Occupy.com



Published on Jan 8, 2020

Updates on bad ass organizers, activists and whistleblowers. Next, what we really need in order to stop the empire and why we can’t just lean on letters from the UN. War Fever is high and the propaganda machine is working overtime. Next, water woes in the world’s largest fire storm, and what this has to do with an indigenous fight in Canada. Finally, Sunrise El Paso sits down to talk corporate takeovers of public utilities.

https://shutdownicenow.org https://defendembassyprotectors.org https://unistoten.camp sunriseelpaso.org

Is it Wrong to Fly? – Glad You Asked

Vox



Published on Jan 8, 2020

Air travel is a quintessential product of the fossil fuel era: It’s both highly convenient and difficult to replace with alternatives. Now as the impacts of climate change are becoming more urgent, a growing “flight shame” movement is prompting consumers to question their air travel. Glad You Asked host Joss Fong explores the ethical implications of flying in a world on the brink of crisis. Key Sources: Myclimate flight emission calculator https://www.myclimate.org/fileadmin/u…

Observed Arctic sea-ice loss directly follows anthropogenic CO2 emission https://science.sciencemag.org/conten…

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from a Typical Passenger Vehicle https://www.epa.gov/greenvehicles/gre… Carbon Footprint Calculations for Average Americans https://externalassets.cooleffect.org… Share of airplane trips by American adults https://theicct.org/blog/staff/should…

Technological, economic and environmental prospects of all-electric aircraft https://www.nature.com/articles/s4156…

Maps of Greenland Ice Sheet http://nsidc.org/greenland-today/

This is how global warming is reshaping Greenland https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/0…

Contrail cirrus radiative forcing for future air traffic https://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/19/81…

Hydrocarbon combustion https://energyeducation.ca/encycloped…

The year in aviation: Billions of passengers, two high-profile accidents https://www.usatoday.com/story/travel…

Boeing CEO: Over 80% of the world has never taken a flight. https://www.cnbc.com/2017/12/07/boein…

As Billions More Fly, Here’s How Aviation Could Evolve https://www.nationalgeographic.com/en…

According to the annual Airlines for America report, 48 percent of travelers in the United States flew on an airline in 2017. https://www.travelpulse.com/news/airl…

Climate change in the US will hurt poor people the most, according to a bombshell federal report https://www.cnbc.com/2018/11/26/clima…

Flygskam https://www.independent.co.uk/travel/…

Pipistrel Alpha Electro https://www.pipistrel-usa.com/wp-cont… Air Transport Action Group https://www.atag.org/facts-figures.html

How We’re Going to WIN

Sunrise Movement

Jan 6, 2020

The climate crisis has only gotten worse, across our whole lifetime. Here’s what it’ll take to change that, and ensure a livable future: a movement. Join us by signing up for a 2020 launch party: https://www.sunrisemovement.org/2020-…

Mapping as Process (An Online Web-Blog)

My interests are varied and complex, but basically I’m a fan of maps and mapping, and always have been. I have a special liking for surveying instruments and techniques (my initial plan, ca. 20-years-old, was to become a land surveyor). I have also lived in the eighteenth century, as it were, for many years.

But what really moves me is to discern patterns in historical data, patterns that can be used to reveal insights into mapping processes. This is what has moved me to develop a processual approach to mapping and its history. Such an approach is by no means new, being central to science and technology studies, histories of language, book history, and so on. I do argue, though, that it’s application to map studies permits us to get away from a host of misconceptions and outright myths that otherwise undermine all map scholars, not only map historians.

Matthew Edney

ISHMap – The International Society for the History of the Map

The International Society for the History of the Map (ISHMap) has as its mission:

To advance the study of the history of maps and mapping in all societies and overall periods of time

  • By promoting the education of the general public in the subject
  • By promoting communication between members and others interested in the subject
  • By promoting the research, teaching and funding of the subject

These tasks will be carried out by the members of the society or in association with relevant organizations by means of publications, conferences, seminars, courses and other suitable methods at a university or other institution (e.g. library, archive or museum) worldwide.