Category Archives: Uncategorized

Climate change must be dealt with before it unleashes millions of global-warming refugees | South China Morning Post

Millions of people around the world are being forced from their homes by violent circumstances. Many more aspire to move to another country in search of a better life for themselves and their families. These twin drivers of mass migration are already triggering political trauma in destination countries. And now there’s a third factor with the potential to cause human suffering on a massive scale: climate change.

Mike Rowse says mass migration, driven by war and politics, has already fuelled social discontent in Europe and America. But things may get much worse if climate change continues unchecked and leaves millions in at-risk countries homeless

PUBLISHED : Sunday, 23 September, 2018, 3:01pm
UPDATED : Sunday, 23 September, 2018, 7:21pm

There are two broad groups of reasons why people up sticks and move to a different country: the necessity-push and the opportunity-pull. Up until now, probably the most common push factors have been war and politics. During the violent partition that accompanied the birth of India and Pakistan in 1947, millions scrambled to get on the “right” side of the new borders. Closer to home, the Vietnam war ended with hundreds of thousands of those associated with the losing regime fleeing from the south, many stopping over in Hong Kong on their way to safety in a sanctuary country.

More recently, the appalling civil war in Syria has displaced millions of its citizens, mostly to adjacent countries such as Turkey and Jordan, though about a million flooded into western Europe, and many settled in Germany. A military crackdown in Myanmar has forced over 700,000 Rohingya Muslims to flee to neighbouring Bangladesh. A question mark hangs over the residence rights of four million people in India, who have been left off a citizens’ register on suspicion of being illegal immigrants from Bangladesh.

The pull factor in migration has undergone a step change in recent years, thanks to technological progress. The possibility of a better life somewhere else has historically been uncertain because of a lack of reliable information about what life “over there” was really like. It took time for news to filter back and it was safer to maintain the status quo.

…(read more).

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#FFCC18: Session 3: The economics of supply-side climate policy


SEI — Stockholm Environment Institute

Started streaming 5 minutes ago
Session 3: The economics of supply-side climate policy

Moderator: Mark Campanale, Carbon Tracker Initiative

Nico Bauer, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research
Divestment prevails over the green paradox when anticipating strong future climate policies

Taran Fæhn, Statistics Norway,
The Paris Agreement and supply-side policies

Paola Yanguas-Parra, Climate Analytics
Implications of natural gas extraction in Western Australia for achieving climate targets

Franziska Holz, DIW Berlin
Coal phase-out implications for the international steam coal market: The risk of asset stranding in the COALMOD-World model

Frank Jotzo, Centre for Climate Economics and Policy, The Australian National University
Coal taxes as an economic instrument for structural adjustment

Living on Earth: September 7, 2018 | Crop Pests in a Warmer World

A study published in the journal Science found that crop loss to insects is likely to increase with rising temperatures, which will make insects hungrier. Above, a maize weevil munches on an ear of corn. (Photo: US Department of Agriculture, Flickr CC BY 2.0)

CURWOOD: Climate disruption can be tough on agriculture. Research shows rising temperatures can reduce nutrient quality in staple grains and more droughts and flood can reduce yields. And now scientists are telling us global warming will also bug farmers… literally.

[SOUNDS OF INSECTS BUZZING]

CURWOOD: More heat in temperate zones means more insect pest activity and consequent crop loss. A team at the University of Washington has done the math and team member and research associate Michelle Tigchelaar joins us now to explain.
Welcome back to Living on Earth!

TIGCHELAAR: Thanks for having me again.

CURWOOD: So, what is it about climate disruption that’s going to lead to more insect-caused crop loss?

TIGCHELAAR: There are really two components to why we will expect more insects in a warmer climate. The first one is that insects are ectotherms, so that means that as the global temperature raises their body temperatures rise and so they will eat more — essentially their energy use goes up. And the second component is that as temperatures rise, more insects will survive through the winter and they will reproduce at faster rates. So we get more insects and they will be eating more.

…(read more).

Living on Earth: Women Climate Scientists Threatened and Harassed

“Defending Science Is Defending Women,” reads a sign carried in the San Francisco, California Women’s March on January 21st, 2017. (Photo: CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)

Climate scientists of all genders face harassment, bogus records requests, and even death threats. But women climate researchers are often subjected to sexist and misogynistic attacks as well. There are allegations climate-denying “lone wolves” and climate denial organizations may be linked to these efforts to silence climate scientists. Lauren Kurtz, the Executive Director of the Climate Science Legal Defense Fund, tells Host Bobby Bascomb about the kinds of harassment and threats her clients have faced and fought back against.

Transcript

BASCOMB: The Me Too movement of women exposing the prevalence sexual harassment and assault, has made it’s way across the spectrum of American life from entertainment to media, and now famously again to US Supreme Court choices.

Sexual harassment also affects women working the STEM fields, putting science, technology, engineering and math degrees to work. But women only hold about a quarter of those jobs. And in a male-dominated workplace sexual harassment persists.

Climate change swells ranks of refugees as Trump administration retreats to the sidelines – Los Angeles Times

In this 2015 photo, Bakul Mondal, 50, stands with his granddaughter stands outside a tiny hut sculpted out of mud in Sundarbans, India. It’s the fifth hut he’s built in five years at the sea’s edge, where saltwater has engulfed his land. (Bikas Das / Associated Press)

By Tracy Wilkinson
Sep 23, 2018 | 3:00 AM | Washington

From African farms shriveled into desert to monster storms revved up by warmer air over the oceans, climate change is stoking environmental disasters around the globe and uprooting millions of people a year — adding to a refugee crisis said to be the worst since World War II.

The increasingly extreme weather patterns have destroyed food and water supplies, left communities destitute, strained national and international aid resources, and fomented political instability in fragile societies in Africa, the Middle East, Asia and Latin America, according to development experts.

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An abrupt climate change scenario and its implications for United States national security – October 2003

http://www.dtic.mil/docs/citations/ADA469325

http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a469325.pdf

https://eesc.columbia.edu/courses/v1003/readings/Pentagon.pdf

The purpose of this report is to imagine the unthinkable to push the boundaries of current research on climate change so we may better understand the potential implications on United States national security. We have interviewed leading climate change scientists, conducted additional research, and reviewed several iterations of the scenario with these experts. The scientists support this project, but caution that the scenario depicted is extreme in two fundamental ways. First, they suggest the occurrences we outline would most likely happen in a few regions, rather than on globally. Second, they say the magnitude of the event may be considerably smaller. We have created a climate change scenario that although not the most likely, is plausible, and would challenge United States national security in ways that should be considered immediately.

…(read more).

The State, The Military and The Global Climate Crisis: The U.S. Military Has Taken the Lead on Climate Change, But What Happens Next? | EV & N – 286 | CCTV

http://ecoethics.net/2014-ENVRE120/20180923-EV&N-286-Link.html

https://www.cctvcambridge.org/node/589468

YouTube Version

The U.S. military has understood the science and social implications of climate change more thoroughly than the the Commander-in-Chief or the U.S. Congress — both of whom it has to answer to, on the one hand for its orders, and on the other for its budget.  This creates an uneasy tension of differing perspectives within the structure of the U.S. government about what needs to be done to respond to climate change.

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