Category Archives: Uncategorized

American Autumn: An Occudoc

The Real News Network

Sep 17, 2012

Filmmaker Dennis Trainor Jr. on his new film and the challenges facing the Occupy Movement more at http://therealnews.com

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Hominid Exceptionalism and the Intrinsic Limit of Human Power in Earth’s Ecosystem

Attenborough-Soils

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Some Cultural Dimensions of Sustainable Water Management On a Finite Planet

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David Attenborough on His Decades-Long Career | Natural History Masterclass


BAFTA Guru – May 11, 2018

Learn from the best with Sir David Attenborough as he delves into the history of his decades-spanning career!

Chris Hedges: Mass politics must be rooted in class struggle

The Real News Network– Jan 25, 2022

From the social upheaval embodied in Donald Trump’s presidency and the 2020 uprisings for racial justice to rampant corporate plunder and increasingly widespread labor unrest, the conditions for an organized mass political movement exist in the US. So, why hasn’t that movement come about yet? Is such a movement possible in the US today? If so, what role can the left play in mobilizing it?

As world-renowned journalist and activist Chris Hedges argues, “Part of the problem with the left [today] is that it’s too engaged in political theater, it’s not engaged enough in political organizing, and it often is not literate in the most important element before us, which is class.” In their latest interview for TRNN, co-hosts of THIS IS REVOLUTION Jason Myles and Pascal Robert speak with Hedges about the possibility of mass politics in our present moment, and about the hard work of building working-class solidarity. Chris Hedges is the former Middle East bureau chief of the New York Times, a Pulitzer Prize winner, and a columnist at ScheerPost. He formerly hosted the program Days of Revolt, produced by TRNN, and is the author of several books, including America: The Farewell Tour, American Fascists: The Christian Right and the War on America, and War Is a Force That Gives Us Meaning.

Read the transcript of this interview: https://therealnews.com/chris-hedges-…
Read the transcript of this interview: https://therealnews.com/chris-hedges-…

Post COP26: successes, lessons learnt & what… | Oxford Martin School

On the 13th November 2021 Cop26 reached a consensus on key actions to address climate change. The decisions consist of a range of agreed items, including strengthened efforts to build resilience to climate change, to curb greenhouse gas emissions and to provide the necessary finance for both.

In this short series we will look at what this means, after the dust settles, for sustainable finance, tropical forests, modelling the climate and with a panel looking towards future meetings.

In this series:

27 January 2022
Panel Discussion: “Towards COP27: moving forwards after COP26”

03 February 2022
“What would a sustainable economy look like?” with Prof Sir Dieter Helm

03 March 2022
Tim Palmer and Charles Godfray in conversation: “Modelling climate change: predicting the future”

10 March 2022
“Tropical forests to 2050: science challenges for researchers and policy-makers” with Prof Oliver Phillips

The East India Company, 1600–1858: A Short History with Documents (Passages: Key Moments in History): Ian Barrow

In existence for 258 years, the English East India Company ran a complex, highly integrated global trading network. It supplied the tea for the Boston Tea Party, the cotton textiles used to purchase slaves in Africa, and the opium for China’s nineteenth-century addiction. In India it expanded from a few small coastal settlements to govern territories that far exceeded the British Isles in extent and population. It minted coins in its name, established law courts and prisons, and prosecuted wars with one of the world’s largest armies. Over time, the Company developed a pronounced and aggressive colonialism that laid the foundation for Britain’s Eastern empire. A study of the Company, therefore, is a study of the rise of the modern world.

In clear, engaging prose, Ian Barrow sets the rise and fall of the Company into political, economic, and cultural contexts and explains how and why the Company was transformed from a maritime trading entity into a territorial colonial state. Excerpts from eighteen primary documents illustrate the main themes and ideas discussed in the text. Maps, illustrations, a glossary, and a chronology are also included.

Review

“Ian Barrow has written a concise yet engaging, rich, and detailed history of the East India Company—its rise to power, evolution, and eventual demise. This book will be read with great interest by students as well as those general readers seeking a better knowledge of the world’s first multi-national corporation and its important influence in the creation of the modern South Asian world.”
—Michael Dodson, Indiana University Bloomington

“The book fills in a gap in scholarship on the English East India Company by providing a chronological guide to the Company’s Indian activities. The East India Company serves as a reference for researchers starting their study of the English East India Company and as a source of information for students. Moreover, the selected primary sources provided at the end of the book represent an excellent entry into the study of the primary sources connected to contemporary English debates about the activities of the Company.”
—Karolina Hutková, London School of Economics, in The Economic History Review

“Ian Barrow’s slim volume uses the East India Company (or, as he refers to it throughout the book, simply the ‘Company’) as a case study through which to examine Britain’s colonial journey. From the Company’s inception in 1600 to its formal dissolution in 1874, its trajectory reflects England’s expanding global trade to obtaining a foothold in foreign lands to its problematic role as a colonizing country, through the growing challenges to and eventual collapse of that colonial authority. It is a concise history, but works well at bringing those multiple threads into one story. . . . There are many resources in this volume that will be beneficial for students and nonspecialists. A chronology, glossary, and series of maps provide useful aids to understanding and visualizing new concepts in the readings. Barrow closes with a concise and easily comprehensible summation of how the Company’s story is important as a case study of colonial rule and imperialism, and this will be one of the book’s most valuable aspects for educators. It is a story that is easy to follow, even in its complexity, and incorporates economic, religious, ethnic, political, and military history throughout the narrative. Students should find various topics that will hold their interest in this very readable book.”
—Michelle Damian, Monmouth College, in Education About Asia

About the Author

Ian Barrow is Professor of History, Middlebury College.

  • Publisher: ‎ Hackett Publishing Company, Inc. (February 14, 2017)
  • Language: ‎ English
  • Paperback: ‎ 208 pages
  • ISBN-10: ‎ 1624665969
  • ISBN-13: ‎ 978-1624665967
  • Item Weight ‏ : ‎ 8.7 ounces
  • Dimensions: ‎ 5.5 x 0.4 x 8.5 inches

Captives as Commodities: The Transatlantic Slave Trade: Lisa Lindsay

Written based on the author’s annual course on slave trade, Captives as Commodities examines three key themes: 1) the African context surrounding the Atlantic slave trade, 2) the history of the slave trade itself, and 3) the changing meaning of race and racism. The author draws recent scholarship to provide students with an understanding of Atlantic slave trade.

This book centers on one of the most tragic, horrifying, and important pieces of the history of the Western world: the transatlantic slave trade. Unlike any other system of commerce in world history, the primary commodities exchanged in the slave trade were people, and this fact has implications not only for how the trade was initiated, conducted, conceptualized, and concluded, but also for how we make sense of it in the present. For on one hand, the Atlantic slave trade was indeed trade, and as such it bears comparison with and was related to the expansion of a variety of global commercial networks. On the other hand, unlike other commodities driving cross-cultural exchange in world history, slaves were human, with all this implies about their vulnerability to pain and discomfort, their capacity to resist, their real or potential relationships with sellers and buyers, and–most fundamentally to those sellers and buyers–their labor power. Understanding the Atlantic slave trade thus requires studying economic and political history, dealing largely with those who bought and sold slaves, as well as the social and cultural history of slavers, the enslaved, and the societies they lived in and built.

About the Author

Lisa A. Lindsay holds a Ph.D. in African history from University of Michigan and teaches at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Before developing her scholarship on the slave trade, she published Working with Gender: Wage Labor and Social Change in Southwestern Nigeria, Men and Masculinities in Modern Africa (co-edited with Stephen F. Miescher), and scholarly articles on colonial Nigeria. She has held fellowships from the American Council of Learned Socities, the National Humanities Center, and the National Endowment for the Humanities.

  • Publisher‏ : ‎ Pearson; 1st edition (October 17, 2007)
  • Language‏ : ‎ English
  • Paperback‏ : ‎ 192 pages
  • ISBN-10‏ : ‎ 0131942158
  • ISBN-13‏ : ‎ 978-0131942158

Merchants: The Community That Shaped England’s Trade and Empire, 1550-1650: Edmond Smith

A new history of English trade and empire—revealing how a tightly woven community of merchants was the true origin of globalized Britain

In the century following Elizabeth I’s rise to the throne, English trade blossomed as thousands of merchants launched ventures across the globe. Through the efforts of these “mere merchants,” England developed from a peripheral power on the fringes of Europe to a country at the center of a global commercial web, with interests stretching from Virginia to Ahmadabad and Arkhangelsk to Benin.

Edmond Smith traces the lives of English merchants from their earliest steps into business to the heights of their successes. Smith unpicks their behavior, relationships, and experiences, from exporting wool to Russia, importing exotic luxuries from India, and building plantations in America. He reveals that the origins of “global” Britain are found in the stories of these men whose livelihoods depended on their skills, entrepreneurship, and ability to work together to compete in cutthroat international markets. As a community, their efforts would come to revolutionize Britain’s relationship with the world.

Review

“Wonderfully wide-ranging and deeply-researched”—William Dalrymple, Financial Times

‘At last an account of early modern merchant communities that balances the cold, hard reality of profit and investment with the intangible capital of trust, sociability and human connection that drove English trade in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Sharply observed, innovatively analysed, and always accessible, this is a book that demands the attention of anyone who is interested in the traffic between English trade and imperialism in this early, foundational period.’ —Professor Nandini Das, University of Oxford

‘ A terrific achievement. Written with pace and panache, Merchants shows how in the space of 100 years England’s merchants went from a group of largely irrelevant traders on the fringes of Europe to international empire builders. Managing to combine intricate detail of mercantile innovations within a broad sweep of English commercial relations from the Americas to Japan, Smith is brilliant at recording the credits and debits of this most decisive period in English commercial history. A superb book.’—Professor Jerry Brotton, author of A History of the World in Twelve Maps

‘‘Mere merchants’ as individuals, but as a class they shaped modern English history. This is a rich and deeply fascinating account which addresses fundamental questions about England’s rise to commercial power.—James Evans, author of Merchant Adventurers

Merchants is an important new study of the men who, for better or worse, laid the foundations of England’s first commercial empire. Drawing on impeccable research, Smith shows how it was corporate institutions and collaborative practices that turned England from European backwater into global power.’—Professor Phil Withington, author of Society in Early Modern Englan

About the Author

Edmond Smith is a Presidential Fellow in Economic Cultures at the University of Manchester. Formerly a capital markets research manager, Smith now specializes in the histories of capitalism and globalization, having completed his PhD at Cambridge in 2016.

  • Publisher : ‎ Yale University Press (October 26, 2021)
  • Language: ‎ English
  • Hardcover: ‎ 376 pages
  • ISBN-10: ‎ 0300257953
  • ISBN-13: ‎ 978-0300257953
  • Item Weight ‏ : ‎ 1.71 pounds
  • Dimensions: ‎ 5.98 x 1.34 x 9.29 inches

The Anarchy: The East India Company, Corporate Violence, and the Pillage of an Empire: William Dalrymple

Finalist for the Cundill History Prize

ONE OF PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA’S FAVORITE BOOKS OF THE YEAR

NAMED A BEST BOOK OF THE YEAR BY The Wall Street Journal and NPR

“Superb … A vivid and richly detailed story … worth reading by everyone.” ―The New York Times Book Review

From the bestselling author of Return of a King, the story of how the East India Company took over large swaths of Asia, and the devastating results of the corporation running a country.

In August 1765, the East India Company defeated the young Mughal emperor and set up, in his place, a government run by English traders who collected taxes through means of a private army.

The creation of this new government marked the moment that the East India Company ceased to be a conventional company and became something much more unusual: an international corporation transformed into an aggressive colonial power. Over the course of the next 47 years, the company’s reach grew until almost all of India south of Delhi was effectively ruled from a boardroom in the city of London.

The Anarchy tells one of history’s most remarkable stories: how the Mughal Empire―which dominated world trade and manufacturing and possessed almost unlimited resources―fell apart and was replaced by a multinational corporation based thousands of miles overseas, and answerable to shareholders, most of whom had never even seen India and no idea about the country whose wealth was providing their dividends. Using previously untapped sources, Dalrymple tells the story of the East India Company as it has never been told before and provides a portrait of the devastating results from the abuse of corporate power.

Bronze Medal in the 2020 Arthur Ross Book Award

Review

“As William Dalrymple shows in his rampaging, brilliant, passionate history, ‘The Anarchy,’ the East India Co. was the most advanced capitalist organization in the world . . . Mr. Dalrymple gives us every sword-slash, every scam, every groan and battle cry. He has no rival as a narrative historian of the British in India. ‘The Anarchy’ is not simply a gripping tale of bloodshed and deceit, of unimaginable opulence and intolerable starvation. It is shot through with an unappeasable moral passion.” – The Wall Street Journal

“Superb. . . a vivid and richly detailed story . . . the greatest virtue of this disturbingly enjoyable book is perhaps less the questions it answers than the new ones it provokes about where corporations fit into the world, both then and now. . . Dalrymple’s book [is] worth reading by everyone.” – The New York Times Book Review

“A great story told in fabulous detail with interesting, if at times utterly rapacious or incompetent, characters populating it.” – NPR

“Gripping . . . Drawing richly from sources in multiple languages, The Anarchy is gorgeously adorned with luminous images representing a range of perspectives . . . Delightful passages abound, including of the duel between Warren Hastings and Philip Francis, Shah Alam as ‘the sightless ruler of a largely illusory empire,’ and action-packed scenes of battle . . . Dalrymple has taken us to the limit of what page-turning history can be and do.” – Los Angeles Review of Books

“An energetic pageturner that marches from the counting house on to the battlefield, exploding patriotic myths along the way. Dalrymple’s spirited, detailed telling will be reason enough for many readers to devour The Anarchy. But his more novel and arguably greater achievement lies in the way he places the company’s rise in the turbulent political landscape of late Mughal India.” – The Guardian

“How timely [The Anarchy] feels, how surprisingly of the moment … It serves as a reminder that early capitalism was just as perverse, predatory, and single-minded in its pursuit of profit as its much-derided late-model equivalent.” ― The Daily Beast

“William Dalrymple, the most versatile chronicler of India past and present, distilled another complex yet highly topical history into ‘The Anarchy,’ a bloodcurdling account of the East India Co.’s ascent to imperial dominance, full of implications for corporate behavior today.” – Maya Jasanoff

“A well- known historian both in his native Britain and his adoptive India . . . Dalrymple has influenced the scholarly as well as the popular understanding of South Asian history through his use of both European and Indian sources, thus uniting the halves of a previously bisected whole.” – New York Review of Books

“Splendid . . . Dalrymple’s book is an excellent example of popular history―engaging, readable, and informative.” – National Review

“William Dalrymple’s The Anarchy makes sense of the E.I.C. and the political and economic conditions that enabled its curious ascent. . . [Dalrymple] navigates the teeming current of events smoothly, here gliding forward, there slowing to study the view.” – Airmail

“[The Anarchy] compelled my admiration . . . in William ­Dalrymple’s deft hands we have an epic tale. It’s very strong stuff.” – Paul Kennedy

“Mr. Dalrymple sails through this story in fine style. . . . The reader will find plenty that echoes in modern India.” – The Economist

“Dalrymple has been at the forefront of the new wave of popular history, consistently producing work that engages with a wider audience through writerly craft, an emphasis on characters and their agency, evocative description of place and time, and the inclusion of long-neglected perspectives. [The Anarchy]’s real achievement is to take readers to an important and neglected period of British and south Asian history, and to make their trip their not just informative but colourful.” – The Observer

“The author is a marvelous storyteller. By quoting extensively from the company’s own voluminous records, private letters, and diaries, Persian-language sources, eyewitness accounts penned by an insightful local historian, and other reports, Dalrymple creates a ‘You Are There’ environment for the reader that makes the book hard to put down.” – Washington Independent Review of Books, Favorite Books of 2019

“In his latest book, The Anarchy, Dalrymple recounts the remarkable history of the East India Company from its founding in 1599 to 1803 when it commanded an army twice the size of the British Army and ruled over the Indian subcontinent. . . . It’s a hell of a story.” – Marginal Revolution

“[An] expert account of the rise of the first great multinational corporation.” – Kirkus Reviews

About the Author

William Dalrymple is the bestselling author of In Xanadu, City of Djinns, From the Holy Mountain, The Age of Kali, White Mughals, The Last Mughal and, most recently, Nine Lives. He has won the Thomas Cook Travel Book Award, the Sunday Times Young British Writer of the Year Award, the Ryszard Kapuscinski Award for Literary Reportage, the Hemingway Prize, the French Prix d’Astrolabe, the Wolfson Prize for History, the Scottish Book of the Year Award, the Duff Cooper Memorial Prize, the Asia House Award for Asian Literature, the Vodafone Crossword Award and has three times been longlisted for the Samuel Johnson Prize. In 2012 he was appointed Whitney J. Oates Visiting Fellow in Humanities at Princeton University. He lives with his wife and three children on a farm outside Delhi.

  • Publisher‏ : ‎ Bloomsbury Publishing; Illustrated edition (September 10, 2019)
  • Language‏ : ‎ English
  • Hardcover‏ : ‎ 576 pages
  • ISBN-10‏ : ‎ 1635573955
  • ISBN-13‏ : ‎ 978-1635573954
  • Item Weight ‏ : ‎ 2.35 pounds
  • Dimensions‏ : ‎ 6.44 x 1.88 x 9.53 inches