See related background material:
- Swensen reaffirms climate change as a guiding factor in investment policy | YaleNews – 20 February 2020.
- Social Responsibility — Yale Investments Office
as well as:
- Firing Line Debate on Fossil Fuel Divestment
as well as:
- YaleNews Article on 2020 Update
- 2014 Letter on Climate Change
- 2016 Update on Climate Change
- New York Times Article on 2014 Letter
- New York Times Article on 2016 Update
- ACIR Homepage
- 2014 CCIR Statement
- “Climate Change,” a 2016 report by the Yale Advisory Committee on Investor Responsibility (ACIR)
- The Reasonable Investor and Climate-Related Information: Changing Expectations for Financial Disclosures by Hana V. Vizcarra
- Pioneering Portfolio Management: An Unconventional Approach to Institutional Investment, Fully Revised and Updated
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Historically related material includes documentation from as far back as 1965 when concerned students and faculty began to raise questions of socially responsible investment practices of American universities in reference to the morality of the Vietnam war and tacit support of apartheid in South Africa.
and debates broadcast nation-wide in 1968 relating to the Vietnam war:
The question of university investments and the student demand for “divestment” from certain companies, industries or broad areas of reprehensible financial investment stemmed from a growing realization by college-aged students about what the role of the universities had come to play in the “cold-war” years after World War II. Students — many of whom faced the certain conscription into the military to fight in the Vietnam war if they interrupted their college education — were confronting the basic question: “what was their university education supposed to accomplish, anyway?” The answers were disturbing.
Larger questions of how their education was being financed in the first place soon followed the specific issues of South African apartheid or the morality of the Vietnam war. In more recent years, — since the 1980s — as it has become apparent that corporate investments in certain realms and practices have systematically destroyed their future livelihoods or even their chance of survival, students have begun to mobilize around a whole range of “divestment-investment” questions at the core of university endowment policies and practices. Beyond selected corporations or specific industry practices the faulty logic of continuous growth on a finite planet has come under scrutiny as students have learned to focus on sustainability and survival in an abruptly changing ecosystem.
- Record Corporate Growth & Global System Collapse: Privatizing the Benefits and Externalizing the Costs of the World’s Carbon Addiction
- Investment ~ Divestment in a Finite Ecosystem: The Fatal Fallacy of Market Economics on a Small Planet
- Chris Martenson – The Folly of Unfettered Finance
- Why It’s Time To Take On The Big Banks