Daily Archives: May 24, 2023

Slavery Hinterland: Transatlantic Slavery and Continental Europe, 1680-1850

Contributors from the US, Britain and Europe explore a neglected aspect of transatlantic slavery: the implication of a continental European hinterland.

Slavery Hinterland explores a neglected aspect of transatlantic slavery: the implication of a continental European hinterland. It focuses on historical actors in territories that were not directly involved in the traffic inAfricans but linked in various ways with the transatlantic slave business, the plantation economies that it fed and the consequences of its abolition. The volume unearths material entanglements of the Continental and Atlantic economies and also proposes a new agenda for the historical study of the relationship between business and morality. Contributors from the US, Britain and continental Europe examine the ways in which the slave economy touched on individual lives and economic developments in German-speaking Europe, Switzerland, Denmark and Italy. They reveal how these ‘hinterlands’ served as suppliers of investment, labour and trade goods for the slave trade and of materials for the plantation economies, and how involvement in trade networks contributed in turn to key economic developments in the ‘hinterlands’. The chapters range in time from the first, short-lived attempt at establishing a German slave-trading operation in the 1680s to the involvement of textile manufacturers in transatlantic trade in the first quarter of the nineteenth century. A key theme of the volume is the question of conscience, or awareness of being morally implicated in an immoral enterprise. Evidence for subjective understandings of the moral challenge of slavery is found in individual actions and statements and also in post-abolition colonisation and missionary projects.

FELIX BRAHM is Research Fellow at the German Historical Institute in London.

EVE ROSENHAFT is Professor of German Historical Studies, University of Liverpool.

CONTRIBUTORS: Felix Brahm, Peter Haenger, Catherine Hall, Daniel P. Hopkins, Craig Koslofsky, Sarah Lentz, Rebekka von Mallinckrodt, Anne Sophie Overkamp, Alexandra Robinson, Eve Rosenhaft, Anka Steffen, Klaus Weber, Roberto Zaugg


This work of charting continental Europe’s complex and often subtle debts to the transatlantic slave system is an ambitious project. ― ENGLISH HISTORICAL REVIEW

The essays in this collection deserve our attention. ― HISTORY

A fine example of uncovering a slave past that had been previously, sometimes deliberately, obscured. ― JOURNAL OF ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY

Admirably achieves a dual purpose: offering a detailed and very specific study of unknown areas of the slave trade while providing a very good synthesis of essential questions like black agency, unfree labor, the compatibility between material interest and moral conscience, thus significantly advancing the field of research on that subject. ― SLAVERY & ABOLITION

The essays reveal the ways in which central Europeans were entangled in the world that Atlantic slavery made. They unearth original data…that illustrate the extraordinary reach of transatlantic slavery. ― ECONOMIC HISTORY REVIEW

About the Author

KLAUS WEBER holds the chair of European Economic and Social History at the European University Viadrina in Frankfurt (Oder).

  • Publisher ‏ : ‎ Boydell Press (June 16, 2016)
  • Language ‏ : ‎ English
  • Paperback ‏ : ‎ 276 pages
  • ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 1783271124
  • ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-1783271122
  • Item Weight ‏ : ‎ 15.8 ounces
  • Dimensions ‏ : ‎ 6.14 x 0.58 x 9.21 inches

Tipping Point: Agriculture on the brink — A PBS NewsHour Special

PBS NewsHour – May 24, 2023

The United Nations estimates the world population will reach 10 billion by 2060. As the world’s population expands, so do concerns about how to sustainably grow enough food. Food production also takes a toll on the environment. A recent U.N.-backed study found that more than one-third of human-caused global greenhouse gas emissions come from the way our food is processed and packaged.

On Wednesday, May 24 at 7 p.m. ET, PBS NewsHour science correspondent Miles O’Brien will host a live discussion called “Tipping Point: Agriculture on the Brink” that looks at some of these challenges and answers your questions.


Why the climate activists are now under criminal investigation | DW News

DW News – May 24, 2023




Police on Wednesday said they had searched 15 properties linked to members of the Last Generation climate group who are suspected of helping finance a criminal enterprise. The raids were connected to a string of charges filed against activists from the group since the middle of last year, authorities said. Police said the internet homepage for Last Generation in Germany had also been shut down on the instructions of the prosecutor’s office.

Who is Yahweh – How a Warrior-Storm God became the God of the Israelites and World Monotheism

ESOTERICA – Mar 3, 2023




How did a warrior-storm god become Yahweh, the god of world Abrahamic monotheism? By tracing the earliest history of Yahweh (“The One Exists”) to his origins in the area around Mt Seir to his immigration during the Bronze Age Collapse to the Judea Highlands around Shiloh, this episode explores the early history of the Israelite God. How did Yahweh and his Yahwism transform in theater of Canaanite religion – dominated by El, Ba’al, Asherah, Anat and other myth figures? What aspects of local religion did the Yahwists assimilate, reject and contend over in that process? This episode explore the early history of Yahweh and the rise of Yahweh henotheism/monolatry and primitive monotheism.

The Brandenburg Presence on the Gold Coast, 1682 to 1721


What does Johann Sebastian Bach have to do with West Africa? The short answer is: nothing.

A more detailed look at history, however, is quite revealing — both in terms of the structure of patronage for the arts in late Baroque Europe and as a chapter in West African history.   In 1721, Johann Sebastian Bach compiled a collection of concertos , entitled Six Concerts à plusieurs instruments (Six Concertos for several instruments) which he presented to Christian Ludwig, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt.  These “Brandenburg Concertos,” as they became known, have been regarded as some of the finest of the late Baroque masterpieces of musical composition, and they have been presented ever since by the world’s greatest orchestras.

In the late 17th century during the period just prior to the composition of these six concertos by Bach, the Brandenburg family had established a fort on the Gold Coast of West Africa to take part in the trans-Atlantic slave trade.  Christian Ludwig (24 May 1677 – 3 September 1734) to whom Bach had presented the concertos was a military officer of the Prussian Army.  Born in Berlin, Christian Ludwig was the youngest son of the “Great Elector” Frederick William (1620–1688), ruler of Brandenburg-Prussia, and his second wife Princess Sophia Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (1636–1689).

In 1682 Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg, at the suggestion of the Dutch merchant and privateer Benjamin Raule, granted a charter to the Brandenburg Africa Company (BAC), marking the first organized and sustained attempt by a German state to take part in the Atlantic slave trade.  This Brandenburg colony existed for 39 years from 1682 to 1721, when King Frederick William I of Prussia sold it for 7,200 ducats and 12 Black slaves to the Dutch West India Company.

It would seem, then, that J. S. Bach presented his now famous Brandenburg Concertos to Christian Ludwig, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt in the same year that the Brandenburg royal family — and specifically, King Frederick William I of Prussia — sold their slaving fortress at Prince’s Town on the Gold Coast to the Dutch West India Company.

For more detail on the Brandenburg connection to the trade on the Gold Coast see:

Reference material:

To view a recent German production of this concerto performed in Italy see: “Bach: Brandenburg Concerto No. 4 | Claudio Abbado & the Orchestra Mozart ”

See related resources:

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“From conflict to consensus”: The historic deal to save the Colorado River

CGTN America – May 24 2023

“From conflict to consensus” – That’s how one official describes negotiations among three U.S. states over water consumption from the Colorado River. On Monday, California, Arizona and Nevada agreed to cut their reliance on the drought-ravaged river, heading off potential disaster at least in the short term. CGTN’s Hendrik Sybrandy reports.