Daily Archives: March 1, 2023

Slave Families and the Hato Economy in Puerto Rico: David M.: Stark,

“Deftly uses the available parish registers to document the stages of the coming of African men and women to Puerto Rico in the eighteenth century and reveals patterns of family formation and bonds of solidarity among the African slaves and with the rest of society.”—
Fernando Pico, author of Puerto Rico Remembered

“An exceptionally well researched, highly original, cogently argued and engagingly written work.”—Franklin W. Knight, coeditor of Contemporary Caribbean Cultures and Societies in a Global Context

“A welcome contribution to the history of eighteenth-century Puerto Rico and an important model for anyone using sacramental records to study slave life in colonial Latin America.”—David Wheat, Michigan State University

Scholarship on slavery in the Caribbean frequently emphasizes sugar and tobacco production, but this unique work illustrates the importance of the region’s hato economy—a combination of livestock ranching, foodstuff cultivation, and timber harvesting—on the living patterns among slave communities.

David Stark makes use of extensive Catholic parish records to provide a comprehensive examination of slavery in Puerto Rico and across the Spanish Caribbean. He reconstructs slave families to examine incidences of marriage, as well as birth and death rates. The result are never-before-analyzed details on how many enslaved Africans came to Puerto Rico, where they came from, and how their populations grew through natural increase.

Stark convincingly argues that when animal husbandry drove much of the island’s economy, slavery was less harsh than in better-known plantation regimes geared toward crop cultivation. Slaves in the hato economy experienced more favorable conditions for family formation, relatively relaxed work regimes, higher fertility rates, and lower mortality rates.


“A welcome addition to the scholarship on slavery in the Americas, deepening our knowledge of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Puerto Rico and the Western Caribbean.”―American Historical Review “Stark use[s] new archival sources to enlarge understanding of the range of labor, family, and production systems in the colonial Caribbean.”―Choice “Breaks new ground. . . . Compel[s] a revision of prevailing wisdom about slavery in the Caribbean. . . . A major contribution to the study of slave demography, slave families, and comparative slavery generally.”―Journal of Interdisciplinary History “Focuses on the extent to which enslaved men and women married and established families in accordance with the Catholic Church prior to the reemergence of labor-intensive, commercial agriculture.”―The Americas “This book makes a thoroughly original contribution to scholarship on a time and place that are both understudied and central to our understanding of Caribbean slavery beyond the sugar plantation. . . . It constitutes a major addition to Caribbean history and the history of slavery more generally and will be of lasting importance to scholars in these fields.”―Hispanic American Historical Review

About the Author

David M. Stark is professor of history at Grand Valley State University.

  • Publisher ‏ : ‎ University Press of Florida (March 3, 2015)
  • Language ‏ : ‎ English
  • Hardcover ‏ : ‎ 304 pages
  • ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 0813060435
  • ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-0813060439
  • Item Weight ‏ : ‎ 1.09 pounds
  • Dimensions ‏ : ‎ 6 x 0.56 x 9 inches

The Buried Mirror: Reflections on Spain and the New World: Carlos Fuentes

A best-selling and lavishly illustrated history of Hispanic culture from the “Balzac of Mexico,” The Buried Mirror is a classic in its field.

The renowned novelist Carlos Fuentes has crafted a unique history of the social, political, and economic forces that created the remarkable culture which stretches from the mysterious cave drawings at Altamira to the explosive graffiti on the walls of East Los Angeles.

“A bittersweet celebration of the hybrid culture of Spain in the New World…Drawing expertly on five centuries of the cultural history of Europe and the Americas, Fuentes seeks to capture the spirit of the new, vibrant, and enduring civilization [in the New World] that began in Spain.”—Los Angeles Times

“Drawing expertly on five centuries of the cultural history of Europe and the Americas, Fuentes seeks to capture the spirit of the new, vibrant, and enduring civilization [in the New World] that began in Spain.” The Los Angeles Times

“With his considerable gifts as a narrator, Fuentes captures the sweep and drama of hispanic history . . . forceful and beautifully written.” The New York Times

“His style is clear, intellectually charged, and powerfully argued, invigorated by the novelist’s sense of irony, paradox, and sensuality.” The Washington Post —

About the Author

Carlos Fuentes is the author of more than a dozen novels, including Terra Nostra, The Old Gringo, The Crystal Frontier, and The Years with Laura Diaz, as well as numerous literary and political essays. He divides his time between Mexico City and London.

  • Publisher ‏ : ‎ HarperVia; Later Printing Used edition (January 15, 1999)
  • Language ‏ : ‎ English
  • Paperback ‏ : ‎ 400 pages
  • ISBN-10 ‏ : ‎ 0395924995
  • ISBN-13 ‏ : ‎ 978-0395924990
  • Item Weight ‏ : ‎ 2.18 pounds
  • Dimensions ‏ : ‎ 7 x 0.86 x 10 inches

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From a messenger to the CEO of Ghana’s biggest mining company, AngloGold Ashanti- Story of Sam Jonah


He joined Ashanti Goldfields Corporation in 1979 working in various capacities, including underground operations. At the age of 36 he became the Chief Executive Officer, and supervised the transformation of Ashanti Goldfields into a mining multinational, increased gold production from 240,000 ounces per annum to over 1.6 million ounces in over ten years, and oversaw the company’s listing as the first operating African company on the New York Stock Exchange.

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Faces Of Africa- Kwame Nkrumah

CGTN Africa Dec 9, 2014

Kwame Nkrumah was born on September 21, 1909, in Nkroful, Gold Coast (now Ghana), and shepherded the country in its struggle for independence from Great Britain. He went on to be named life president of both the nation and his party, until the army and police in Ghana seized power in 1966 and he found asylum in Guinea.

Reflections on Ghana’s future by a senior citizen, Sam Jonah

CitiTube Apr 26, 2021

Sam Jonah speaks about Presidential dream

Graphic Online TV
Apr 22, 2022 GHANA

Ghana news in brief for Friday April 22, 2022 – Biggest intra-veinous plant commissioned at Lakpleku – Glo directs customers to select AirteltiGo – Sam Jonah speaks about biz ownership – Jonah on why he’s not to blame for Obuasi’s undevelopment – Sam Jonah speaks about Presidential dream – GBA supports televising all court proceedings – Volta records low COVID-19 vaccinated persons – Deferred KNUST students given 4-weeks reprieve

Interview with Sam Jonah

Africa Policy Journal at Harvard Kennedy School Dec 23, 2022

Ghanaian port named UNESCO World Heritage Site

CGTN Africa Jul 18, 2017

A Brazilian port through which close to a million African slaves were trafficked has been named a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Slaves started arriving in Valongo in Rio de Janeiro by boat in 1811. The UN says the port is a reminder of the devastating impact of slavery. But Valongo’s grim story started at Ghana’s Cape Coast Castle, where many of the people who were trafficked departed. Let’s take a look at the Ghanaian link to Valongo Port.

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A powerful plant toxin could help tackle antibiotic resistance

World Economic Forum – Mar 1, 2023

Scientists have found a new chemical that kills bacteria and it could pave the way for a potent new class of antibiotics. Albicidin is produced by a plant bacteria which causes disease in sugar cane. The bacteria uses albicidin to attack plants but against other bacteria, albicidin acts as an antibiotic.

Scientists have known about albicidin’s antibiotic qualities for decades but they didn’t fully understand how it worked, so couldn’t use it on humans in case of adverse effects. Now, they’ve identified the mechanism, which is different to other antibiotics. #antibiotics #antimicrobialresistance #antibioticresistance #plants #medicine #discovery #science

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The underground lab searching for dark matter – BBC News

BBC News – Mar 1, 2023




Boulby Mine, North Yorkshire is the deepest mine in the UK and the second deepest in Europe – but that’s not all that makes the mine unique.

Over 1km below the surface, in a small corner of its vast network of tunnels, lies a laboratory.

Here, scientists are on the hunt for one of the Universe’s biggest mysteries, dark matter.

Please subscribe HERE http://bit.ly/1rbfUog

#Science #Physics #BBCNews