Daily Archives: February 19, 2023

Former US President Jimmy Carter Enters Hospice Care

Voice of America – Feb 19, 2023

Some believe Carter’s popularity rose due to his volunteerism, his efforts to promote peace and fight neglected tropical diseases Originally published at – https://www.voanews.com/a/former-us-p…

The Final Days of Austria-Hungary

M. Laser History Jun 4, 2020 #AustriaHungary #TheGreatWar #History

My second channel M. Laser Random- https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCOEt…

where I just upload random videos from game-plays to vlogs and more.

My Patreon- https://www.patreon.com/mlaser

My Twitter- https://twitter.com/MnLaser

Video scripts with sources are available for free on my Patreon.

For extra historical information and corrections see the pinned comment.

#History #TheGreatWar #AustriaHungary

Dissolution of Hungary : The Treaty of Trianon

M. Laser History Jul 31, 2020 #AustriaHungary #Hungary #History

World of Tanks invite link for new players- https://tanks.ly/2ZQcWPg

The Final Days of Austria-Hungary video- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fuj2Y…

The Dissolution of Austria : Treaty of Saint-Germain video- https://youtu.be/0RRuENXQ-sY

My second channel M. Laser Random- https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCOEt…

where I just upload random videos from game-plays to vlogs and more.

My Patreon- https://www.patreon.com/mlaser My Twitter- https://twitter.com/MnLaser

Music- Franz Lehár Waltz of the Merry Widow Brian Crain: Song for Sienna Video scripts with sources are available for free on my Patreon.

For extra historical information and corrections see the pinned comment.
#History #Hungary #AustriaHungary

Eastern Europe Before Muslim Slavery and Colonization

SLAVIC WORLD Dec 21, 2015

Life of Eastern European people before the Muslim (Tartars, Ottomans, Arabs….) occupation and slavery

Islam’s Eastern European slave trade by Muslim Turks (Ottoman) and Arabs

SLAVIC WORLD Nov 13, 2015

The Ottoman penetration into Europe in the 1350s and their capture of Constantinople later in 1453 opened new floodgates for slave-trade from the European front. In their last attempt to overrun Europe in 1683, the Ottoman army, although defeated, returned from the Gates of Vienna with 80,000 captives.874 An immense number of slaves flowed from the Crimea, the Balkans and the steppes of West Asia to Islamic markets.

BD Davis laments that the ‘‘Tartars and other Black Sea peoples had sold millions of Ukrainians, Georgians, Circassians, Greeks, Armenians, Bulgarians, Slavs and Turks,’’ which received little notice.875 Crimean Tatars enslaved and sold some 1,750,000 Ukrainians, Poles and Russian between 1468 and 1694. 876

According to another estimate, between 1450 and 1700, the Crimean Tatars exported some 10,000 slaves, including some Circassians, annually—that is, some 2,500,000 slaves in all, to the Ottoman Empire.877 The Tatar slave-raiding Khans returned with 18,000 slaves from Poland (1463), 100,000 from Lvov (1498), 60,000 from South Russia (1515), 50,000–100,000 from Galicia (1516), during the ‘harvesting of the steppe.’ Numbers from Moscow (1521), 800,000 were taken and from Valynia (1676), 400,000 were taken. 800,000 from Moscow (1521), 200,000 from South Russia (1555), 100,000 from Moscow (1571), 50,000 from Poland (1612), 60,000 from South Russia (1646), 100,000 from Poland (1648), 300,000 from Ukraine (1654), 400,000 from Valynia (1676) and thousands from Poland (1694).

qBesides these major catches, they made countless more Jihad raids during the same period, which yielded a few to tens of thousands of slaves.878 These figures of enslavement must be considered in the context that the population of the Tatar Khanate was only about 400,000 at the time. (1463-1694) while sources are incomplete, conservative tabulation of the slave raids against the Eastern European population indicate that at least 7 Million European people-men, women, children were enslaved by Muslims.

Sources suggest that in the few years between 1436-1442, some 500,000 people were seized in the Balkans. Many of the captives died in forced marches towards Anatolia (Turkey). Contemporary chronicles note that the Ottomans reduced masses of the inhabitants of Greece, Romania, and the Balkans to slavery eg from Moree (1460)-70,000 and Transylvania (1438) – 60,000-70,000 and 300,000-600,000 from Hungary and 10,000 from Mytilene/Mitilini on Lesbos island (1462) (Bulgaru p 567) and so it continued.

The vicious destruction of Constantinople in 1453 shows the religious zeal of the Muslims, their hatred of Christians, massacres, destruction and pillage and of course, the enslavement of 50,000-60,000 people!

Turkoman Archer massacre, enslavement, exile, destruction of farming, destruction of trade, depopulation, reduced productivity, and destruction of the normal exchange of knowledge around the Mediterranean and through Christian and Jewish societies, plus colonisation by Muslims—as also occurred in the conquest of Asia Minor. The states of Byzantium, Bulgaria, Serbia…had reached a high level of economic and cultural development before the Muslim attacks.

The conquest of the Balkan peoples was disastrous and for centuries trammelled their normal economic and social development. Yet its described as a blessing for the population (they had the chance to become Muslim) and we are fed lies of peace and economic unity. The Turks didnt have a higher culture or better civic organisationthey were semibarbarian tribes bent of pillage and war, enriching themselves with booty.(estates, slaves, money, jewels) and rendered fanatical by the dogmas of Islam

Even a brief look at the date list in the slavery series, shows the violence and oppression by the Muslims! Byzantine historian Georgius Pachymeres, a contemporary of the events in the 1262-82 invasion north of the meander, (Paphlagonia, Caria in Asia Minor) described the ruination of towns and monasteries, the fleeing population and the conversion of land into a Scythian desert. He notes indiscriminate massacres, large scale enslavement, the merciless crushing of any resistance and the death of the entire male population where people refused to surrender.

The 14th century Ottoman state had only a rudimentary economy with underdeveloped commerce and trades and money was rare. Enslavement served to weaken nations as populations were depleted and moved. Mass enslavements are documented.

The remaining populations were severely exploited peasants who laboured for others and were subjected to excessive taxes and fines. Similarly artisans were needed so, despite the routine massacres and deportations, the military was used to stop people fleeing and force them to remain.

How many times Muslims invaded Europe vs. Europeans invaded Muslim countries?

SLAVIC WORLD Oct 19, 2014

Historical facts and Comparisons: How many times Muslims invaded Europe vs. Europeans invaded Muslim countries. Islamics Launched their Crusades in 630 A.D. Western Crusades started in 1095 A.D. to Stop Muslim Invasion. Crusades were a defensive action against the forcible expansion of Islam into territories that had been part of Christendom for centuries. The Crusades were started by the Muslims in the year 630 A.D. when Muhammad invaded and conquered Mecca. Later on, Muslims invaded Syria, Iraq, Jerusalem, Iran, Egypt, Africa, Spain, Italy, France, etc. The Western Crusades started around 1095 to try to stop the Islamic aggressive invasions. Islamic Crusades continued even after the Western Crusade.

Islam has killed about 270 million people: 120 million Africans*, 60 million Christians, 80 million Hindus, 10 million Buddhists, etc. http://factreal.wordpress.com/2010/02…

Jewish ownership of Slavic White Slaves in the Ottoman Empire

SLAVIC WORLD Dec 30, 2015

Blond, tall, with honey-colored eyes: Jewish ownership of slaves in the Ottoman Empire

Hundreds of Hebrew written sources, dozens of official decrees, judicial records (sijillat), and reports of European travelers indicate that slaveholding particularly of females of Slavic origin – in Jewish households in the urban centers of the Ottoman Empire was widespread from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries. This halachically and legally problematic habit was an unparalleled phenomenon in any other Jewish community in the early modem period. The presence of slaves in Jewish households effected family life in many ways. I dealt with two of them: The first is cohabitation of Jewish men with female slaves, usually non-Jewish, who in effect served as their concubines and bore them legitimate children; the second is marriage with manumitted slaves who converted to Judaism and became an integral part of the community. These phenomena attest once again to the great extent to which Jewish society and its norms and codes were influenced by Muslim urban society, and the gap between rabbinic rhetoric ideals and the dynamic daily existence of Jews from all social strata.

Slavery and slaveholding has been among the most outstanding aspects of life in the various and varying Muslim societies over the centuries. As is reported by hundreds of Hebrew sources, dozens of official ordinances, documents produced by the Shari’a courts, and the reports of European travelers, slaveholding was also common among Jews in Muslim lands. The ownership of women, in particular, was widespread in Jewish households in the Ottoman Empire on the threshold of the modern era. It was certainly far more common than in Jewish communities in North Africa or Europe. What we know about this practice may now be considerably enlarged thanks to my discovery of about 100 as yet unknown documents from the seventeenth-century court registers of Hasköy, one of the quarters of Istanbul. These documents, especially as we will now study them alongside known rabbinic sources, provide information that both supports existing data and permits asking new questions.

Slavery in the Ottoman Empire

Research on slavery in the Ottoman Empire first concentrated on economic and legal issues; the early studies of Ehud Toledano are especially noteworthy.3 During the past 15 years, research has concentrated on the existence of various classes of slaves, their mobility from one place and one master to another, and on bonds of loyalty and patronage. Growing academic interest in the history of women and minorities has drawn the attention of scholars to the lives of the slaves themselves. The first study dealing with slavery in the Muslim world in its Jewish context was an article published by Simha Assaf in 1939, who indicated how widespread Jewish ownership of slaves was and who discussed the status of slaves under the headings of the “law of the land” and the halakhah. The first to enter the fray was Haim Gerber, followed by Ovadia Salama.6 In the mid-1990s, Ruth Lamdan wrote on Jewish slaveholding in Syria and Palestine during the sixteenth century, which addressed the institution’s halachic and social aspects and focused in particular on the distress slaveholding caused the wives of owners.

The documents concern female slaves almost exclusively; I found only one case concerning a male. Slavery thus seems to have been limited to those who would provide household services of the kind exclusively performed by women, including sexual ones.
This helps explain why nearly all the slaves were white females, principally of Slavic origin captured during Ottoman campaigns, or by their Tatar collaborators in Eastern Europe, with only a few of other provenance – Circassian, Caucasian, Hungarian, and Austrian.

Black slaves are not mentioned. Physical descriptions of female slaves remark about fair hair and light-colored eyes, although, possibly, this simply reflects the general characteristics of the captured and enslaved women; male preference, however, should not be ruled out.10

Women, too, bought slaves, but most likely the traits women sought out were domestic skills, physical strength, and an obedient nature. Beauty, for them, was no doubt for the most part irrelevant, although it may have been they considered slave owning an act of conspicuous consumption, the slave being a “beautiful object” to be shown off. No wonder, the documents speak of female slaves who were deformed and scarred.

Many, if not the large majority, of the women brought from Balkan and Eastern European regions were originally Christians, and they are identified accordingly as nasraniyye, isaviyye milletinden. When religion is not specified, we may assume that at least some of the women had converted to Judaism and were given Jewish names. Others retained their Slavic or Balkan birth-names.

More here: http://www.artsrn.ualberta.ca/amcdoug…

Mother Africa – History Of Africa with Zeinab Badawi Episode 1

This series of 20 programmes is based on a unique project, overseen by UNESCO known as the GHA: the General History of Africa – Africa’s history, culture and heritage written and told by Africans themselves. Zeinab Badawi travels across more than thirty countries in west, east, central and southern Africa and explores the continent’s history from the beginning of time to the modern era with the goal to ‘set history straight’. She captures key moments in Africa’s history in her conversations with Africans from all walks of life including leading historians from across Africa and she brings alive some of the lesser known heroes and heroines of the continent’s past. This is a search for truth and identity – uncovering hidden chapters and perspectives of Africa’s history and revising distorted interpretations.


PeriscopeFilm Dec 9, 2019

Disclaimer: This historic film was produced during the apartheid era in South Africa. It contains propaganda elements that explicitly or tacitly endorse racism and racial separation. It is presented solely for historical purposes, to help document in part a period of terrible repression. “These Are South Africans” is a 1950s propaganda film from the South African Government Information Office that paints an idyllic picture of South Africa by showing the leisure lifestyle enjoyed almost exclusively by the country’s white citizens. The film opens with footage of the Parade of Uniforms in Cape Town celebrating the opening of parliament. Soldiers march in full uniform. A car drives up in front of Cape Town’s Parliament Building and Dr. E.G. Jansen, Governor-General of the Union of South Africa, gets out and walks into Parliament with his wife (02:46). There is a good shot of the coast of South Africa (03:48). A couple ride horses on a beach; people play in the surf. A woman boogie boards on a wave (05:05). A massive cargo liner sails around the Cape (05:48). Ships dock in in Table Bay. Viewers see the streets of Cape Town with double decker buses and people walking around (06:22). Several people sit on a peak, presumably Victoria Peak, overlooking Cape Town. Two women look out over the rocky coast. Boats are anchored in the harbor. Viewers see fishermen, primarily the descendants of Malays who immigrated to the Cape in the 17th and 18th centuries. Three people stop their car at an overlook on the Cape Peninsula (08:38). A horse-drawn buggy moves down a rural road (09:40). Viewers see the Drakenstein Valley and the regions old vineyards. Grapes hang from the well-established vines. A girl eats grapes in the vineyard. Colored women prepare table grapes for packing. A man samples a glass of wine (12:26). The film then shows some of the agricultural aspects of the country. A man drives a tractor pulling a wheat harvester (13:06). A mule team pulls a wheat harvester. A man drives a tractor and plow (14:36). Men look around an agricultural show in the small town of Parys. The show features Afrikaner cattle (15:33), a horse-drawn carriage race, and the showing of horses. Viewers see a few Ridgeback puppies. The film then cuts to another agricultural show at Johannesburg (18:10). Men ride horses in the arena; other men jump horses. An exhibit or booth promotes in-country tourism for white South Africans, encouraging them to go on “luxury safaris” to visit the “bantu Africans in their own tribal settings” (19:16). Next viewers see the Chamber of Mines building (19:48), where men ride a miniature train. A man fly fishes on a river. People relax at a pool inland from the coast (20:33). The film shows False Bay, east of Cape Town, with its sandy beaches (21:08). Muizenberg’s beaches are packed with visitors. A family plays in the waves at the beach on the Atlantic side of the peninsula. Young people walk from a building at the University of Cape Town (23:35). Viewers see some of South Africa’s natural splendors—mountains, fields, and coastlines (24:30)—as well as a few shots of the cities before the film concludes with footage of the Governor-General leaving parliament at the end of the opening day celebration. We encourage viewers to add comments and, especially, to provide additional information about our videos by adding a comment! See something interesting? Tell people what it is and what they can see by writing something for example like: “01:00:12:00 — President Roosevelt is seen meeting with Winston Churchill at the Quebec Conference.” This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA.

Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD and 2k. For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com


PeriscopeFilm Apr 21, 2015

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Disclaimer: This historic film was produced during the apartheid era in South Africa. It contains propaganda elements that explicitly or tacitly endorse racism and racial separation. It is presented solely for historical purposes, to help document in part a period of terrible repression.

This black & white educational film from the 1930s is about the “Land of Rhodes” – Rhodesia and South Africa, which features many of the landmarks, including Johannesburg, and the railroads built by Cecil Rhodes. An ardent believer in British imperialism, Cecil John Rhodes and his British South Africa Company founded the southern African territory of Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe and Zambia), which the company named after him in 1895. South Africa’s Rhodes University is also named after him.

Opening titles: The Land of Rhodes (:08). Rhodesia in South Africa, a man sits under a rock (:17). A statue of British mining magnet, Cecil John Rhodes; he was the Prime Minister of the Cape Colony from 1890 to 1896 (:30). Home where Rhodes lived (:40). Hut used by Rhodes (:52). Cars and people go about daily life in the city (1:01). White people walk; do calisthenics (1:26). Little girls look and play; people swim (1:41). Wings over Africa airline brings travelers (1:54). To link the Cape and Cairo was the builder’s dream (2:12). Rhodesia Railways train cars (2:16). Great railway and locomotive plant in Livingston (2:24). Men at work in the plant (2:36). From the Cape to Cairo the train goes (3:01). Cows graze and wander (3:14). A man milks a cow with modern equipment (3:31). Milk is poured from jugs (3:47). Rhodesian mines – chrome mine (4:07). Train goes by with mine cars (4:29). Resting place of Cecil John Rhodes; his gravestone (5:01). Coal mines of Rhodesia (5:29). Ovens of coal (5:55). Brick making with modern methods (6:24). People take a boat up the Zambesi River (6:47). Cape to Cairo Railroad Bridge; Train goes across a gorge (7:22).
David Livingstone statue (7:36). Beautiful Victoria Falls (7:43). People look over the falls (8:22). End credits (8:32).

The Cape to Cairo Railway was a project to create a railway line crossing Africa from south to north, it would have been the largest and most important railway of that continent. It was planned as a link between Cape Town in South Africa and Port Said in Egypt. Important parts of its intended course to cross Africa are incomplete or inoperative due to wars, lack of financial capital, geographic and geological obstacles, and low political will. This plan was initiated at the end of the 19th century, during the time of Western colonial rule, largely under the vision of Cecil Rhodes, in the attempt to connect adjacent African possessions of the British Empire through a continuous line from Cape Town, South Africa to Cairo, Egypt

This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD. For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com

For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com