Daily Archives: December 26, 2022

Tens of thousands evacuated after Christmas Day flooding in the Philippines

euronews – Dec 26, 2022

Flooding on Christmas Day in the Philippines has left a trail of destruction to infrastructure and homes, with at least eight people reported dead and 19 others missing.

Christian Africa/Medieval Africa, 300-1600 CE (Session 4) (11-3-17)

Hutchins Center – May 23, 2018

Session I – The Church of Matthew: Christian Ethiopia Session II – The Churches of Philip and Mark: The Christian Nile Session III – The Church of James: Christian Central Africa Session IV – Christian Africa/Medieval Africa: New Perspectives Belfer Auditorium, CGIS-South, 1730 Cambridge Street, Cambridge, MA

SLAVERY SECRET: “Africans sold other Africans into slavery” – Professor Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

ApplePieNow – Sep 3, 2010

Professor Henry Louis Gates, Jr. on PBS: “Africans sold other Africans to the Europeans.” “There were African middlemen and they’d fight wars with other Africans to enslave them and to sell them to the white man.” “Slavery was a huge business for different African kingdoms.” “The story that we got when we were kids…it’s not how it happened.” “Africans sold other Africans to the Europeans.”

Modern Slavery in Africa

RationalSaneThinker– Jan 18, 2014

This should be required viewing for all American children so that they would realize how lucky they are. Education is a privilege, not a chore.

Why human trafficking is so popular in Africa

vpro world stories – Mar 21, 2019

Why is human trafficking so popular in Africa? What makes people go into human trafficking in Africa and what kind of people work in human trafficking? How does Human trafficking work and why is it especially popular in central Niger?

The only way to reach Europe for migrants is with the help of people smugglers, the scapegoats of our era. Who are these men making money off migrants? You can meet them in Agadez, the largest city in central Niger that lies in the Sahara at the crossroads of the Sahel. The ancient caravan town has become the smuggle capital of West Africa.

In the travel series The Trek, Bram Vermeulen travels through Africa to get to know the key players in the migration debate. The Trek is a current and urgent travel series, close to the migrants in an attempt to understand more about the main debate topic of our time. It is about the migrants, and thus, also about ourselves.

Bram Vermeulen travels to the smuggling capital of West Africa: Agadez, in Niger. This city has for centuries been the crossroads of the Sahel, the last stop for migrants on their way to Libya. The smuggling seems to go through a strict schedule, which everyone knows: migrant smugglers, police and army. In this episode, the smugglers give us unprecedented access to their work and life, at a time when the European Union tries to stop their work properly. Discover the city, meet the smugglers and get a look behind the scenes. Is it possible to like a smuggler?
Original title: De smokkelaar (1/4) The Trek
Presentation and research: Bram Vermeulen
Director: David Kleijwegt, Alexander Oey
Research: Adelheid Kapteijn
Camera: Maarten Kramer
Sound: Wouter Veldhuis, Rik Meier
Editing: Chris van Oers, Daan Wierda
Mixage: Joost Oskamp
Grading and leader: Reinier van Brummelen
Producer: Alex Klippel

© VPRO November 2016

Why slavery still exists | Mauritania | VPRO Documentary

vpro world stories– Sep 5, 2019

Slavery is still existing in Mauritania, although it has officially been prohibited by law. The government of Mauritania has been trying to hide slavery from the outside world for years. Slavery has officially been abolished since 1981, almost a century after it happened worldwide. But activists are still fighting for the liberation of tens of thousands of black Mauritanians owned by someone else. Slavery is still existing.

In this series, Dutch Journalist Bram Vermeulen travels through the biggest desert on earth: the Sahara. He goes from west to east, from the Atlantic to the red sea and crosses the four biggest countries. He experiences the heat of the desert, the dangers of advancing jihadism and meets the residents of one of the most inhospitable areas on earth.

Mauritania is located in the most western point of the Sahara. Since 1980 no Dutch camera crew has been visiting here. The desert country tries to hide a big secret from the outside world.
Ten years ago, Mauritania was still a busy crossing point for migrants from West Africa to the Canary Islands, but since the Spanish coast guard patrolled the coast together with colleagues from Mauritania, no one can get through it anymore.
Mauritania is a country that exists without the attention of the world press. A land of sand, where the first cities only emerged after the great drought in the 1960s.
Many customs from the desert have come to the city with urbanization. It is notorious for overfeeding young girls with camel milk and breadcrumbs dipped in olive oil. Force-feeding is called that forbidden use, intended to make the girls more attractive for the wedding market.

Presentator: Bram Vermeulen
Director & Camera: Erik van Empel
Sound: Oleksiy Tugushin
Edit: Daan Wierda
Research: Tjeerd Bijman
Research/Fixer: Issifou Djibo
Camera assistant: Aboulougafar Adamou
Production: Elleke Claessen
Production assistants: Yalou van der Heijden
Jeroen Mondria
Music: Rutger Zuydervelt (Machinefabriek)
Online Editors: Nick Boers, Marleen Cuijpers
Commissioning Editor: Hans Simonse

© VPRO November 2018

On VPRO broadcast you will find nonfiction videos with English subtitles, French subtitles and Spanish subtitles, such as documentaries, short interviews and documentary series.

This channel offers some of the best travel series from the Dutch broadcaster VPRO. Our series explore cultures from all over the world. VPRO storytellers have lived abroad for years with an open mind and endless curiosity, allowing them to become one with their new country. Thanks to these qualities, they are the perfect guides to let you experience a place and culture through the eyes of a local. Uncovering the soul of a country, through an intrinsic and honest connection, is what VPRO and its presenters do best.

Slavery – Summary on a Map

Geo History Oct 19, 2022

The history of slavery, from the Neolithic Revolution until today.

#2 DW Trailer Slavery ROUTES

The Visitor Channel – May 4, 2021

Modern Slavery: The Most-Afflicted Countries

TDC – Aug 3, 2017

These ten countries have the most people living in modern slavery, or victims of human trafficking. Subscribe to TDC: https://www.youtube.com/TheDailyConve…

The study: https://www.globalslaveryindex.org/fi…

Get involved: http://www.freetheslaves.net/

Full interview with Kevin Bales: http://n.pr/1S54uR7 Video researched, written, narrated, and directed by Bryce Plank Visualization and editing by Robin West

Music: “Enter the Maze” by Kevin MacLeod
Video researched, written, narrated, and directed by Bryce Plank Visualization and editing by Robin West Music: “Enter the Maze” by Kevin MacLeod http://incompetech.com/

Slavery used to look like this, then it evolved into this, and today it looks like this.

In fact, there are an estimated 45.8 million people living in modern slavery across 167 different countries. They fall into three general categories: children held in the commercial sex trade; adults held in the commercial sex trade; and any other laborer made to work through force, fraud, or coercion.

The trafficking victim often looks like anybody else at work in a mine, on a farm, in a factory. Many are lured by promises of a steady job in another country, only to have their passports confiscated when they arrive. However, many slaves work in their native countries or even the cities where they were born.

According to The Global Slavery Index, these ten countries are home to the most modern slaves. They each suffer from income inequality, discrimination and classism, and entrenched corruption.

Number ten, Indonesia, produces about 35% of the world’s palm oil. The many small palm plantations present an immense challenge to inspectors trying to crack down on child labor. The country’s many islands are also home to tens of thousands of enslaved fisherman trafficked from Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, and Cambodia.

Number nine is the Democratic Republic of Congo. 20,000 of the DRC’s more than 870,000 slaves live in one of the most hellish landscapes on the planet, a vast ore mine in the east of the country.

The terrorist group Boko Haram gets overshadowed by ISIS, although it kills more people. When it comes to enslavement, one of its tactics is to give Nigerian entrepreneurs loans and then force them to join their group if they fail to repay fast enough.

Seventh is Russia. 55% of the slaves there work in construction. Foreigners are lured mainly from nearby Azerbaijan, the “stans,” Ukraine, and North Korea—thanks to this border on the far eastern edge of Russia.

The North Korean government is the world’s largest single slaveholder. Not only does it force more than one million of its people to toil in labor camps and other similarly hopeless situations, but it actually loans out some people to work in neighboring China and Russia, then pockets most of their wages. This exploitation generates about $2.3B each year for the Kim Jong-un regime.

The fifth most enslaved country, Uzbekistan, is the world’s sixth largest producer of cotton. It has benefited from forced labor, as the government puts more than 1 million people to work using threats of debt bondage, heavy fines, asset confiscation, and police intimidation.

Slave recruiters in Bangladesh promise poor families that their boys will be given a job, only to be enslaved on a faraway island and beaten to clean fish for up to 24 hours straight. Often, these fish are exported as cat food for our pets. Sometimes, the boys meet a gruesome death when they are eaten by tigers while searching for firewood.

Third is Pakistan, which has suffered through decades of conflict, terrorism, and displacement—especially along its northwestern border with Afghanistan. Its provinces have not raised the minimum age of marriage, which has allowed the widespread problem of forced and child weddings to continue.

Over 250 million Chinese have migrated within the country to find better opportunities, creating the ideal conditions for human trafficking. Each year, 58 million children are ‘left behind’ as their parents search of work in the China’s many booming cities. Every year, up to 70,000 children fall into forced begging, illegal adoption, and sex slavery.

And number one is India, which has – by far – the most victims of modern slavery. While economic growth has greatly reduced the percentage of its citizens living in poverty, the country’s sheer size still results in more than 270 million Indians living on less than $2/day. It’s unsurprising that inter-generational bonded labor, forced child labor, commercial sexual exploitation, forced begging, forced recruitment into nonstate armed groups, and forced marriage all exist in India. The government has already created many of the laws necessary to fight the epidemic, but the challenge is enforcing those laws and tracking improvements and areas of continued need.

Slavery Routes: Why is it important to tell the story of Slavery today?

AF Nairobi – May 11, 2020

Discussion with

Mr. Juan Gélas, co-author and co-director of the documentary

Dr Antonio de Almeida Mendès, University of Nantes, historian specializing in slavery and slave trades of early modernity, founding member of the International Centre for Research into Slavery (CIRESC)

Prof. Chouki El Hamel, Arizona State University, Professor of history in the School of Historical, Philosophical and Religious Studies, specializing in West and Northwest Africa, founding Director of the Center for Maghrib Studies

Prof. Salah Trabelsi, University Lumière Lyon 2, senior lecturer, researcher in the Mediterranean and Middle East Research and Study Group (GREMMO) focusing on slavery and the slave trade in the arabo-muslim world in modern times

Moderated by
Dr. Marie Pierre Ballarin, researcher at the French Institute for Research and Development (IRD), coordinator of the SLAFNET project, an international research network dedicated to the legacy of slavery in Africa and in Europe