Daily Archives: August 17, 2022

Barry Lawrence Ruderman Conference on Cartography | Stanford Libraries

The third biennial Barry Lawrence Ruderman Conference on Cartography will focus on the theme of Indigenous mapping. The conference, to be held digitally, is hosted by the David Rumsey Map Center at Stanford Libraries, which sits on the ancestral land of the Muwekma Ohlone Tribe. It is sponsored and co-organized by Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps Inc., whose shop is located on the ancestral land of the Kumeyaay peoples.

This theme is of paramount importance, especially as Indigenous peoples around the world continue to fight for their recognition and rights to land and resources. Simultaneously, institutions are increasingly examining their roles in exploitative imperial expansion and settler colonialism. The history of colonial encounter and of indigenous agency can both be glimpsed in historical maps, many of which were made by Indigenous peoples or thanks to crucial, and often unacknowledged, Indigenous contributions. More recently, mapping technologies are helping Indigenous groups to monitor resources, protect language, survey territory, govern, and provide evidence for reclamation and recognition procedures. Scholars, many of them Indigenous, are voicing their critiques and interventions using geographic and cartographic frameworks.

All of these interpretations of Indigenous maps and mapping will be highlighted at the conference, held October 20-22, 2021. Each day of the conference will have a keynote, followed by panels that speak to a specific strain of scholarship: history of Indigenous maps and mapping, critical approaches to Indigenous geography, and digital applications. Our keynotes will be Alex Hidalgo (Texas Christian University), Mishuana Goeman (UCLA), and Eric Anderson and Carrie Cornelius (Haskell Indian Nations University). The conference will offer new insights into the ways in which maps and mapping are used by and have affected Indigenous peoples globally. Together, the three days of the conference hope to highlight exciting research, showcase a variety of maps and mapping practices, and to explore the thrust of this important field of study.


As well as:

Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps Inc.

Gallery Address:

7407 La Jolla Boulevard
La Jolla, CA 92037

Located in La Jolla, California, Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps is a leading dealer of fine antique maps and atlases. We are perhaps most well-known for our extensive online antique map inventory, which is the largest and most diverse available online.

Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps was established in 1992. Our website was launched in 1996, making us one of the oldest and most active antique map sellers on the internet. As of 2017, we have sold and shipped over 41,000 antique maps and atlases to collectors and institutions in over 75 different countries.

We have earned a reputation for handling top-quality authentic antique maps and for helping to inform both experienced collectors and first-time map buyers. We pride ourselves in offering a wide variety of antique maps and atlases at fair prices and for helping collectors to start and craft their collections. Our gallery on Girard Avenue in La Jolla provides a warm and comfortable environment for map collectors to gather, browse our current inventory, and discuss antique maps with our friendly staff.

Antique maps offer the collector a vast variety of opportunities for enjoyment. Antique maps stimulate intellectual curiosity, provide us with a contemporary view of the world as it was known in earlier times and are often objects of great beauty and artistic skill. We pride ourselves in helping our clients develop true connoisseurship for antique maps.

Professional Memberships

We are members of the International Map Collectors Society, the Antiquarian Booksellers’ Association of America, the California Map Society, the Philip Lea Phillips Society of the Library of Congress, and the Washington Map Society. We sponsor the Miami International Map Fair and exhibit at other antique map and book fairs in the United States and Europe.

Institutional Relationships

We consider ourselves very fortunate to have developed longstanding relationships with important public institutions and private collectors alike. We count the following public collections among our clients:

  • Library of Congress
  • British Library
  • National Library of Australia
  • State Library of New South Wales
  • Stanford University
  • Yale University
  • Texas General Land Office
  • Boston Public Library
  • William Clements Library, University of Michigan
  • John Carter Brown Library
  • Osher Map Library, University of Southern Maine
  • Princeton University
  • The David Rumsey Collection
  • St. Louis Mercantile Library
  • Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley
  • University of Alaska, Fairbanks
  • University of Wyoming

The Barry Lawrence Ruderman Conference on Cartography at Stanford University

This October the David Rumsey Map Center will host a three-day conference on cartographic scholarship called the Barry Lawrence Ruderman Conference on Cartography, to be held on October 19, 20 and 21, 2017. Events will begin the evening of October 19. The keynote speaker will be Parag Khanna, author of Connectography and noted spatial thinker. Speakers from around the world will discuss the latest in the history of cartography and related fields, while several advanced Stanford students will also have a chance to share their exciting new research in how they use maps as part of their scholarship, teaching and research. This is the first ever conference of its kind to be held at the David Rumsey Map Center.

See related:

Treaty of Tordesillas 1494 | How the Pope divided the World between Spain & Portugal


Apr 10, 2021

HISTORY OF NORTH AMERICA discusses the controversial 15th century Pact that divided the World between two European superpowers with podcaster Stephen Guerra of the «History of the Papacy». EPISODE 27 — Treaty of Tordesillas 1494 (Part One) | Mexico, USA, Canada. 

Treaty of Tordesillas | Summary, Definition, Map, & Facts | Britannica


Treaty of Tordesillas, (June 7, 1494), agreement between Spain and Portugal aimed at settling conflicts over lands newly discovered or explored by Christopher Columbus and other late 15th-century voyagers.

In 1493, after reports of Columbus’s discoveries had reached them, the Spanish rulers Ferdinand and Isabella enlisted papal support for their claims to the New World in order to inhibit the Portuguese and other possible rival claimants. To accommodate them, the Spanish-born pope Alexander VI issued bulls setting up a line of demarcation from pole to pole 100 leagues (about 320 miles) west of the Cape Verde Islands see Cabo Verde. Spain was given exclusive rights to all newly discovered and undiscovered lands in the region west of the line. Portuguese expeditions were to keep to the east of the line. Neither power was to occupy any territory already in the hands of a Christian ruler.

No other European powers facing the Atlantic Ocean ever accepted this papal disposition or the subsequent agreement deriving from it. King John II of Portugal was dissatisfied because Portugal’s rights in the New World were insufficiently affirmed, and the Portuguese would not even have sufficient room at sea for their African voyages. Meeting at Tordesillas, in northwestern Spain, Spanish and Portuguese ambassadors reaffirmed the papal division, but the line itself was moved to 370 leagues (1,185 miles) west of the Cape Verde Islands, or about 46°30′ W of Greenwich. Pope Julius II finally sanctioned the change in 1506. The new boundary enabled Portugal to claim the coast of Brazil after its discovery by Pedro Álvares Cabral in 1500. Brazilian exploration and settlement far to the west of the line of demarcation in subsequent centuries laid a firm basis for Brazil’s claims to vast areas of the interior of South America.

Jun 7, 1494 CE: Treaty of Tordesillas | National Geographic Society

On June 7, 1494, the governments of Spain and Portugal agreed to the Treaty of Tordesillas, which divided their spheres of influence in the “New World” of the Americas.

On June 7, 1494, the governments of Spain and Portugal agreed to the Treaty of Tordesillas, named for the city in Spain in which it was created. The Treaty of Tordesillas neatly divided the “New World” of the Americas between the two superpowers.

Spain and Portugal divided the New World by drawing a north-to-south line of demarcation in the Atlantic Ocean, about 100 leagues (555 kilometers or 345 miles) west of the Cape Verde Islands, off the coast of northwestern Africa and then controlled by Portugal. All lands east of that line (about 46 degrees, 37 minutes west) were claimed by Portugal. All lands west of that line were claimed by Spain.

Spain and Portugal adhered to the treaty without major conflict between the two, although the line of demarcation was moved an additional 270 leagues (about 1500 kilometers or 932 miles) farther west in 1506, which enabled Portugal to claim the eastern coast of what is now Brazil.

The results of this treaty are still evident throughout the Americas today. For example, all Latin American nations are predominantly Spanish-speaking countries with the sole exception of Brazil where Portuguese is the national language. This is because the eastern tip of Brazil falls east of the line of demarcation settled upon in the Treaty of Tordesillas, and was where the majority of Portuguese colonization occurred. The borders of modern Brazil have expanded since the 1506 expansion of the Treaty of Tordesillas.

Spain and Portugal were the only signatories of the treaty because at the time, they were the only European powers to establish a presence in the Americas. The treaty did not consider any future claims made by the British, French, and other European superpowers of their respective times. The British, French, and Dutch Empires did not claim parts of the Americas until years after the Treaty of Tordesillas.

More significantly, however, the Treaty of Tordesillas completely ignored the millions of people already living in established communities in the Americas. The treaty stipulated that any lands with a “Christian king” would not be colonized. Of course, by that time, Christianity had not spread broadly in the Americas. This meant that unless the land was already claimed by a Christian (European) ruler, by the terms of their treaty, Spain and Portugal could claim practically any land they managed to conquer in the Americas. The resulting conquest and colonization proved disastrous for civilizations, such as the Inca, Taino, and Aztec, along with thousands of other communities throughout the Americas.

Americae sive qvartae orbis partis nova et exactissima descriptio | Library of Congress

“In 1554, Diego Gutiérrez was appointed principal cosmographer to the king of Spain in the Casa de la Contratación. The crown commissioned the Casa to produce a large-scale map of the western hemisphere, often called the “fourth part of the world.” The purpose of the map was to assert Spain’s claims to new world territories against the rival claims of Portugal and France. Spain claimed all lands south of the Tropic of Cancer, which is shown prominently. The map was engraved by the famous Antwerp engraver Hieronymus Cock, who added numerous artistic flourishes, including the coats of arms of the three rival powers, a snake-like Amazon River that winds across the northern part of South America, mermaids and mythical monsters at sea, and an elephant, rhinoceros, and lion on the western coast of Africa. The name “California” is inscribed near Baja California, just above the Tropic of Cancer, the first time it appears on any printed map. Only two copies of the map are known to exist: this one from the collections of the Library of Congress, and another in the British Library.” World Digital Library.

Bernie’s Right: Corporate Welfare Is Not Industrial Policy — Jen Pan & Cale Brooks

Jacobin– Aug 6, 2022

Bernie is right: “industrial policy” in the US should not mean writing no-strings-attached blank checks to corporations. The gains made by these companies must be shared with the American people, and government subsidies must be oriented to building sectors with good union jobs and high wages.

Sustainable Food and Farming | Office of the President

Yale Sustainable Food Program Director Mark Bomford, Professor Hi’ilei Hobart, and President Peter Salovey discuss food insecurity, sustainable agriculture, food sovereignty, and the ways scholars and students are addressing challenges facing agriculture and food systems.


The Inflation Reduction Act includes financial help for farmers — but not sp ecifically Black farmers | Here & Now

Farmer John Boyd Jr., poses in front of his hay bailer at his farm in Boydton, Va., Thursday, May 27, 2021. (Steve Helber/AP)

Last year, a $4 billion federal program was supposed to give debt relief to farmers of color who’ve faced decades of discrimination by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, but that program never paid out any money.

Now, the Inflation Reduction Act provides $2.2 billion to farmers who have faced discrimination from the USDA and $3.1 billion to “distressed borrowers.” It has been reworded to remove specific mention of farmers of color.

Here & Now‘s Scott Tong talks with John Boyd Jr., who is a farmer in Virginia and the president of the National Black Farmers Association.

This segment aired on August 17, 2022. Audio will be available soon.


Maps at the Library of Congress

Library of Congress – Feb 3, 2016

A conversation with Mike Buscher on the maps collections at the Library of Congress.

Speaker Biography: Mike Buscher is on the Geography and Maps Reference Team at the Library Of Congress.

For transcript, captions, and more information, visit http://www.loc.gov/today/cyberlc/feat…