Daily Archives: November 12, 2020

UNESCO General History of Africa, Vol. I, Abridged Edition: Methodology and African Prehistory (Volume 1): Joseph Ki-Zerbo

Volume I of this acclaimed series is now available in an abridged paperback edition. The result of years of work by scholars from all over the world, The UNESCO General History of Africa reflects how the different peoples of Africa view their civilizations and shows the historical relationships between the various parts of the continent. Historical connections with other continents demonstrate Africa’s contribution to the development of human civilization. Each volume is lavishly illustrated and contains a comprehensive bibliography.

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Basil Davidson obituary | Books | The Guardian

Basil Davidson obituary   Victoria Brittain

Fri 9 Jul 2010 12.52 EDT First published on Fri 9 Jul 2010 12.52 EDT

Radical journalist and historian who charted the death throes of colonialism in Africa

Davidson found himself listed as a ‘prohibited immigrant’ in some white-ruled African countries. Photograph: Augusta Conchiglia

Basil Davidson, who has died aged 95, was a radical journalist in the great anti-imperial tradition, and became a distinguished historian of pre-colonial Africa. An energetic and charismatic figure, he was dropped behind enemy lines during the second world war and joined that legendary band of British soldiers who fought with the partisans in Yugoslavia and in Italy. Years later, he was the first reporter to travel with the guerrillas fighting the Portuguese in Angola and Guinea-Bissau, and brought their struggle to the world’s attention.

For many years he was at the centre of the campaigns for Africa’s liberation from colonialism and apartheid, endlessly addressing meetings and working on committees. Extremely tall and with a shock of white hair, and possessing the old-fashioned courtesy of the ex-army officer that he was – or even of the country gentleman that he eventually became after his move to the West Country – he was an unlikely figure at many of these often incoherent and sometimes sectarian events, usually run by student activists and exiles.

Among his friends were the historians Thomas Hodgkin, EP Thompson and Eric Hobsbawm. The Palestinian scholar Edward Said placed him in a select band of western artists and intellectuals with a sympathy and comprehension of foreign cultures that meant that they had “in effect, crossed to the other side”.

Born in Bristol, Davidson left school at 16, determined to become a writer, though he first made his living by pasting advertisements for bananas on shop windows in the north of England. Moving to London, he found his way into journalism, working for the Economist and then as the diplomatic correspondent of the Star, a now defunct London evening paper.

In the late 1930s he travelled widely in Italy and in central Europe, and his familiarity with its geography and his capacity to learn its languages made him an obvious candidate, when the war broke out, for the Special Operations Executive – seeking to undermine the Nazi regime from within. His self-reliance, and lack of interest in received wisdom, soon marked him out. When sent out to Budapest, to stimulate the resistance forces in Hungary, he crossed swords with the British ambassador, who ordered him to stop storing plastic explosives in the embassy cellar.

In Cairo, he worked on plans to drop agents into Yugoslavia, first to the royalists and then, after much internal argument, to Tito’s communist guerrillas. Davidson was eventually parachuted into Yugoslavia himself, to join the communists in the uncompromising territory of the Vojvodina, the plain of the Danube valley across from Hungary. There, his exceptional physical strength and bravery were tested to the utmost.

When he returned to Yugoslavia at the end of the war, his companion on the visit, Kingsley Martin, editor of the New Statesman, recorded how “as we entered the villages, people would run out crying ‘Nicola, Nicola!’ (Davidson’s partisan name) and, after kissing him on the cheek, carry us both into their houses, where it was hard without offence to avoid getting drunk on Slivovitza.”

Davidson fought in Yugoslavia from August 1943 to November 1944, then transferred to the Ligurian hills of northern Italy. He and his partisan band seized Genoa before the arrival of American or British forces.

The war years marked him for ever. He fell in love with the comradeship, the trust and the spiritual force of endurance in the service of an ideal that he found with the guerrilla fighters. The lessons he learned about the muddle of war were important for his later work in Africa. In Angola and Guinea-Bissau in the early 1970s, and in Eritrea almost 20 years later, he found those same life forces and loved them. The subjective nature of his response to this history in the making, to deep friendships made and lost, made very painful the eventual unravelling of so much that he believed in.

The political lessons were less personally rewarding, since his willingness to collaborate with communists in battle would lead him in later life to be labelled by the Foreign Office as a dangerous “fellow traveller”. Davidson had never been attracted to Marxism, but his wartime experiences with Communist partisans coloured his general attitude towards the cold war struggle, first in Europe and later in Africa. If communists were prepared to fight against the Nazis, or later against South African apartheid and Portuguese colonialism, that caused him no problems.

At the end of the war, a lieutenant-colonel awarded the Military Cross and twice mentioned in dispatches, he turned again to journalism, working first for the Times as one of its correspondents in Paris and then as chief foreign leader writer in London. Out of tune at the Times, and especially unhappy with the western intervention that crushed the communist partisans in Greece, he left in 1949 to work for three years as the secretary of the Union of Democratic Control (UDC), the campaigning foreign affairs organisation set up by ED Morel during the first world war.

At the same time he joined the staff of the New Statesman, where he was soon viewed as Martin’s heir apparent. It was not to be. At both the UDC and the New Statesman, he earned the undying hatred of Dorothy Woodman, Martin’s companion, and was accused of being a fellow traveller – “or worse”. Unable to return as a journalist to the Balkans, because of the cold war, he was taken by chance to Africa, and the continent soon caught his imagination, never to let go. Then, through an invitation from a group of South African trade unionists, he met Nelson Mandela, Oliver Tambo and other leaders of the African National Congress, about to launch its campaign of defiance against the apartheid laws of the Nationalist government.

Injustice, western hypocrisy and a whiff of revolution were enough to get him firmly engaged: later, from 1969 to 1985, he was a vice-president of the Anti-Apartheid Movement in Britain. He produced an important series about his African journey for the New Statesman, and then wrote a book about the crimes of apartheid. Soon he was listed as a “prohibited immigrant”, both in South Africa and in other parts of white-ruled Africa. That area of work was now closed for him.

So too was the New Statesman. On his return, Martin told him he was “proud to publish the articles, [but] if you have to hive off to another paper, I shall obviously understand”.

When he was offered a job as an editor at Unesco, the British government vetoed his appointment. Again, it was alleged that he was a fellow traveller, and that his articles were quoted consistently in Moscow. Doubtless they were, since they were very good, and Soviet reporters had even less access to Africa than those from the west. Far from being soft on communists, Davidson was accused during the treason trial of László Rajk in Hungary in 1949 of being an agent of the British secret service, as indeed he had been.

Davidson was rescued by the Daily Herald (1954-57) and then taken up by Hugh Cudlipp at the Daily Mirror (1959-62). Encouraged to take an interest in the Mirror’s publishing activities in Nigeria, Davidson made regular annual journeys through west, central and east Africa on the brink of independence from colonialism. Soon he was plunged deep into unwritten African history.

For a family man with three small sons, this was not an ideal profession. It was unfashionable, badly paid and meant long periods away from home. Davidson was no longer a journalist, yet nor was he a tenured academic. His wife, Marion Young, whom he had married during the war – she had also worked in SOE in Italy – somehow held their life together.

Books now began to pour out. The self-taught Davidson had an elegant prose style, at home with both fact and fiction. He wrote five novels and more than 30 other books. These were mainly about African history and included classic textbooks still in use in both east and west Africa. Davidson was enthused early on by the end of British colonialism and the prospects of pan-Africanism in the 1960s, and he wrote copiously and with warmth about newly independent Ghana and its leader, Kwame Nkrumah. He went to work for a year at the University of Accra in 1964.

Later he threw himself into the reporting of the African liberation wars in the Portuguese colonies, particularly in Angola, Mozambique, Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau. Following in the steps of the great campaigning journalist Henry Nevinson, who had reported from Angola in 1905, he made an epic journey on foot half a century later that took him into the liberated areas of eastern Angola with the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola. The MPLA became the government at independence in 1975 and the epicentre of the cold war struggle in Africa.

Over the years the elaborate, CIA-run propaganda campaigns in favour of the MPLA’s main rival movement, Unita, led by Jonas Savimbi and aided by the secret invasions of the apartheid regime, frequently stumbled against Davidson’s authoritative counter-version. His scorn for the mainstream journalism that swallowed the western line on Angola was legendary. On Rhodesia, too, both the media and British government’s equivocation and connivance with South Africa’s support for the white regime found no more scathing critic than Davidson.

In the 1980s, with most of the African liberation wars now won – except for South Africa’s – Davidson turned much of his attention to more theoretical questions about the future of the nation state in Africa. He remained a passionate advocate of pan-Africanism. In 1988 he made a long and dangerous journey into Eritrea, writing a persuasive defence of the nationalists’ right to independence from Ethiopia, and an equally eloquent attack on the revolutionary leader Colonel Mengistu and the regime that had overthrown Haile Selassie. Davidson was invited to Havana to discuss the long-running Ethiopia-Eritrean war after the Cubans threw their weight behind Africa’s latest revolution. He was irritated by the personal enthusiasm of Fidel Castro for Mengistu, and by the large numbers of Cuban troops sent to help him in his border war against Somalia – although they did not fight in Eritrea. Davidson expressed no surprise at Cuba taking on a new African protege, but he retained his own unfavourable view of Mengistu.

The eventual turn towards repressive government taken by his friends in the Eritrean leadership, when other leaders to whom he had been close were imprisoned in Asmara, was a sad rerun of a similar political trajectory he had witnessed in post-independence Angola. He did not like talking over these matters, but he did not disguise his disappointment. Critics from the right were swift to condemn the early judgments that he had made about these revolutions that had turned sour, and even some of his friends would have welcomed more debate.

In 1984 Davidson embarked on a new career in television, making Africa, an eight-part history series for Channel 4. He was excellent on screen, bringing to an unexpectedly wide audience a vision of Africa far from the usual famine-and-corruption cliches that annoyed him so much. His alternate version of African reality reached further and deeper than he had imagined possible, though he continued to write, producing notably The Black Man’s Burden: Africa and the Curse of the Nation-State (1992); the collection of essays The Search for Africa (1994); and his final book, West Africa Before the Colonial Era: A History to 1850 (1998).

He received honorary degrees and appointments from many universities, including Edinburgh, Birmingham, Bristol, Manchester, Turin, Ghana and California, and was also decorated by Portugal and Cape Verde for his services to their history. Apart from his military medals, the British state was studiously uninterested in recognising his talents and his service.

He relished the irony of being decorated with great warmth in 2002 by the prime minister of Portugal – once an activist against the fascist regime that Davidson had done so much to bring down. And when the Cape Verde government chose to decorate him in 2003 in an Angolan embassy where the ambassador was a former prominent official of his old opponent Unita, he remarked drily on the surprising reconciliations demanded of those who live long enough.

He is survived by Marion and his sons.

• Basil Risbridger Davidson, historian and campaigner, born 9 November 1914; died 9 July 2010

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AFRICA – Written & Presented by Basil Davidson Executive Producer – Episode 1 Different but Equal

Ousmane N’diaye

PART 1 : A very well documented series on African History from way before, during and after Slavery trade and colonial period to contemporary times. This Documentary is the work of the British author and Africanist Basil Davidson ….. I upload and share this for education purposes only with people who are interested in Africa and African History as a Whole. In these series you will learn that Africans had their own civilizations, kingdoms, trades, and values way before the invasion of the western world.

* * *

According to Wikipedia:

Africa: A Voyage of Discovery was a series about the history of Africa with Basil Davidson. It was produced in a collaboration between Channel 4, the Nigerian Television Authority and RM Arts in 1984 and consisted of eight parts in four episodes. The film received the Gold Award from the 1984 International Film and Television Festival of New York. Each part is around an hour long.[1][2]

  • Different But Equal
  • Mastering of a Continent
  • Caravans of Gold
  • The King and The City
  • The Bible and the Gun
  • The Magnificent African Cake
  • The Rise of Nationalism
  • The Legacy

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Trivia Night w/ Emerald Necklace Conservancy!

Leventhal Map & Education Center

Streamed live 100 minutes ago

What do you know about the Emerald Necklace and maps of parks in Boston? Bring yourself or a team to our trivia night!

Africans : A Triple Heritage by Ali Mazrui (1986)

This series was written and narrated by Dr. Ali Mazrui in the early 1980s and jointly produced by the BBC and the Public Broadcasting Service (WETA, Washington) in association with the Nigerian Television Authority. These episodes were presented on film in 1986, and a book by the same title was jointly published by BBC Publications and Little, Brown and Company.

This is a 9 Hour-length sessions written and presented for PBS and WETA

“A Commentary”

Written & Presented by

with several consultants and contributors:

This became a series of some considerable public note, commented upon in Wikipedia:

Infowhelm: Environmental Art and Literature in an Age of Data: Heather Houser

How do artists and writers engage with environmental knowledge in the face of overwhelming information about catastrophe? What kinds of knowledge do the arts produce when addressing climate change, extinction, and other environmental emergencies? What happens to scientific data when it becomes art? In Infowhelm, Heather Houser explores the ways contemporary art manages environmental knowledge in an age of climate crisis and information overload.

Houser argues that the infowhelm―a state of abundant yet contested scientific information―is an unexpectedly resonant resource for environmental artists seeking to go beyond communicating stories about crises. Infowhelm analyzes how artists transform the techniques of the sciences into aesthetic material, repurposing data on everything from butterfly migration to oil spills and experimenting with data collection, classification, and remote sensing. Houser traces how artists ranging from novelist Barbara Kingsolver to digital memorialist Maya Lin rework knowledge traditions native to the sciences, entangling data with embodiment, quantification with speculation, precision with ambiguity, and observation with feeling. Their works provide new ways of understanding environmental change while also questioning traditional distinctions between types of knowledge. Bridging the environmental humanities, digital media studies, and science and technology studies, this timely book reveals the importance of artistic medium and form to understanding environmental issues and challenges our assumptions about how people arrive at and respond to environmental knowledge.

Heather Houser is associate professor of English at the University of Texas at Austin, where she also codirects the Planet Texas 2050 project focused on climate resilience. She is the author of Ecosickness in Contemporary U.S. Fiction: Environment and Affect (Columbia, 2014) and an associate editor at Contemporary Literature.

  • Hardcover : 336 pages
  • ISBN-10 : 0231187327
  • ISBN-13 : 978-023118732
  • Publisher : Columbia University Press (June 16, 2020)

Kumi Naidoo

For over 40 years, Kumi Naidoo has been a voice amongst many for social, economic and environmental justice. From his humble township upbringing in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa, to his work as an anti-Apartheid activist, to his leadership of international NGOs, Kumi has remained rooted in Martin Luther King’s Creative Maladjustment principles – refusing to normalize inequality and devoting himself to exposing injustice.

‘Good’ Trouble-maker

​Kumi was International Executive Director of Greenpeace International, from 2009-2015, and Secretary General of Amnesty International, from 2018-2020. As of June 2020, he is Global Ambassador for Africans Rising for Justice, Peace & Dignity.

He has served as the Secretary-General of Civicus, an international alliance for citizen participation, from 1998 to 2008.

Kumi has also served the Global Call to Action Against Poverty and the Global Call for Climate Action (Tcktcktck.org), which brings together environmental aid, religious and human rights groups, labour unions, scientists and others and has organised mass demonstrations around climate negotiations.

In this next chapter of his activism journey, Kumi is dedicating himself to getting back to his ‘roots’, with a focus on contributing more to the growth of activism movements and organisations, academia, as well as paving the way forward for a new generation of activists.

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Kumi Naidoo | What Could Possibly Go Right?


Nov 10, 2020
Listen on your favorite podcast app: https://link.chtbl.com/wcpgr

Kumi Naidoo is recognized internationally as a forceful advocate for human rights, gender equity, economic justice, and environmental justice. A seasoned activist in South Africa during its struggle against apartheid, his long career of deep commitment to people and planet has included serving as Executive Director of Greenpeace International and as Secretary General of Amnesty International.

Kumi’s current roles include Professor of Practice, Thunderbird School of Global Management at Arizona State University; Global Ambassador, Africans Rising for Justice, Peace and Dignity; Visiting Fellow, Oxford University, and Honorary Fellow, Magdalen College.

Kumi shares his thoughts on What Could Possibly Go Right? including:

That we need to reassess how we measure wealth as GDP, a broken system for measuring the value of people and work.

That we suffer from affluenza, “an illness where we have come to believe that a meaningful, prosperous, decent, dignified life comes from more and more material acquisitions.” and that climate change “is fundamentally a problem of consumption and inequality”.

That activism needs humility and to “listen more to people on the ground”.

Instead of appealing to those in power, activists should support the powerless to speak for themselves, whose “voices bring an urgency that only those that suffer an injustice can bring, with the kind of eloquence, power and passion that makes it hard for the media, policymakers and those in power to ignore.”

That we need more genuinely democratic systems across the world with a fair chance to run for office, instead of displaying only “the form of democracy without the substance of democracy”.

That the analogy of the spider and the starfish shows the strength of decentralized versus centralized forms of organizing and mobilizing.

That understanding the biggest contribution we can make to the cause of humanity is “not giving your life, but giving the rest of your life,” with perseverance, stamina, and courage to see those injustices dislodged.

That it’s not good for mental health for us to see injustice and not express it and to bottle it up inside of us.

That even “the pessimism of our analysis can be overcome by the optimism of our action”.

-Book – The Spider and the Starfish: The Unstoppable Power of Leaderless Organizations by Ori Brafman and Rod Beckstrom

Learn more and listen to all episodes: https://bit.ly/pci-wcpgrseries

Resources -Book – The Spider and the Starfish: The Unstoppable Power of Leaderless Organizations by Ori Brafman and Rod Beckstrom

Learn more and listen to all episodes: https://bit.ly/pci-wcpgrseries

Connect with Kumi Naidoo
Human Rights & Environmental Justice Activist Website: kuminaidoo.net
Twitter: twitter.com/kuminaidoo
Follow WCPGR on Social Media
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/WhatCouldPos…
Twitter: https://twitter.com/postcarbon
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/postcarboni…

See related links to work of Kumi Naidoo

Discussion with Holmes Rolston III

Yale Program on Climate Change Communication    Nov 5, 2020

On October 23rd, the Yale Center on Environmental Communications, the Yale Program of Religion and Ecology, and the Yale Program on Environmental Humanities invited the father of environmental ethics, Holmes Rolston III, for a discussion on values. During a lecture, Q&A and follow up chat, the speaker and 25 participants dove into the baseline ethics that underpin actions in the environmental sphere. Discussions included how artificial nature can be, whether there is a “right size” to the economy, and the ethics of geo-engineering. The fundamental conversation topic was how to conserve nature while still keeping it “natural.”

3 Takeaways from the conversation:

1. End of Nature

As the founder of the field of conservation biology Michael Soulé once pointed out, the term “nature” may disappear from our vocabulary. As we stare into the face of climate change and environmental degradation, a common solution comes up: changing earth to fit humanity. Managing the climate so that we can both have our economic cake and eat it too. Yet Professor Rolston warned against the end of nature. Not only is geoengineering poorly understood and fraught with possibly disastrous side effects, but it raises ethical questions about what it means to live in a designer earth. Can we still claim there is any “nature” on Earth completely managed by man?

2. Anthropocene Arrogance

Hubris was our original sin and it has followed us closely. As we look to the future of environmental management, we are constantly reminded by certain groups that the environment should be managed solely for the benefit of people. But what of those without economic value, biodiversity for instance? Those groups may try to take the moral high ground, saying it is most ethical to run the economy and the environment in a way that does the most good for the most people. Yet that is the system that has led to the extinction of countless species, many of whom have been around much longer than we have. Is it moral to put one species so far above all the rest? Further, there is a very realistic ambiguity as to whether a human-oriented economy that ignores the environment actually does the most “good” for humans. As Rolston puts it, development is addictive, and we slowly get more used to a degraded environment.

3. Right-Sizing

In an attempt to preserve authentic nature, and in an attempt to create a truly sustainable future, we must be forced to ask ourselves how large we want things to be, what is the “right size?” Should forests take up a certain percentage of land, should agriculture? Should the human population be prescribed, should cities attempt to end their limitless growth? Should humanity find its’ right size as a uniplanatary species? The actual, numerical answers are not the point, Rolston challenges us to ask whether an unmanaged system in which things grow to the size that market forces and human desires dictate is correct. Alternatively, should we attempt to figure out the “right size” of things, using reasoning to pre-determine limits to growth to ensure sustainability.

See YouTube website for full series.