July 4th is a national holiday in the United States, fraught with memories, dreams and nightmares from America’s remembered or imagined past. Not all of its citizens share the same memories, dreams or nightmares. For each citizen and resident some things are remembered, other things are forgotten. The shape of times past has a different narrative meaning for everyone. Despite the speeches of unity and common purpose on the 4th of July, on the 5th of July — “the day after” Independence Day — these alternative narratives each year reassert themselves.
In 2020 the President of the United States chose not to speak of unity and inclusion, but used his opportunities to address the public to inflame ethnic and class divisiveness.
- Donald Trump’s Guide to American History | NowThis
- “What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July”
- 8 Must-Reads by Women Who Take on White Supremacy and Patriarchal Power – Yes! Magazine
- When white supremacists overthrew a government
- Why Are There SO Many Confederate Monuments?
- How Southern socialites rewrote Civil War history
Sources for this program have been drawn from:
- BBC World Service – Newshour, President Trump attacks ‘radical left’ in 4th July speech
- Crazy Horse Memorial bigger than Mount Rushmore
- Tom Brokaw On Native American Objections To Mt. Rushmore: ‘They Want Their Land Back’ | MSNBC
- The Crazy Horse Monument
- The Untold History of Mount Rushmore: A KKK Sympathizer Built Monument on Sacred Lakota Land
- Julian Bear Runner: Trump Doesn’t Have Permission To Visit Mount Rushmore | The Last Word | MSNBC
- Trump disregards public health warnings for speech at Mt. Rushmore
- The President and First Lady Visit Mt. Rushmore
- How Could a Slaveholder Write “All Men Are Created Equal”?
- Requiem for the American Dream
- Wealth Inequality in America
- Town Hall with State Representative Marjorie Decker | Cambridge Community Television
- “What to the Slave Is the 4th of July?”: James Earl Jones Reads Frederick Douglass’s Historic Speech
- Declaration of Independence & Frederick Douglass’s 1852 Oration | Beinecke R are Book & Manuscript Library
- Frederick Douglass’s 1852 Oration – July 5, 1852 – “What, to the American slave, is your Fourth of July.”
- Walter Evans Collection of Frederick Douglass and Douglass Family Papers comes to the Beinecke Library | Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library