Daily Archives: August 25, 2019

Annotated Worldwide Threat Assessment 2019 – CHDS/Ed

The Worldwide Threat Assessment has been presented to Congress annually by the Director of National Intelligence; and before that office was created, it was presented by the CIA Director in his position as the Director of Central Intelligence. This annual threat assessment testimony, published as text, is one of the most informative top-level products of the U.S. Intelligence Community that is publicly available. Since 2014, the Center for Homeland Defense and Security at the Naval Postgraduate School has produced and provided a multi-media enhanced, annotated version of the text document.

Statement for the Record: 2019 Worldwide Threat Assessment of the U.S. Intelligence Community



Daniel R. Coats

Director of National Intelligence

January 29, 2019


Chairman Burr, Vice Chairman Warner, Members of the Committee, thank you for the invitation to offer the United States Intelligence Community’s 2019 assessment of threats to US national security. My statement reflects the collective insights of the Intelligence Community’s extraordinary women and men, whom I am privileged and honored to lead. We in the Intelligence Community are committed every day to providing the nuanced, independent, and unvarnished intelligence that policymakers, warfighters, and domestic law enforcement personnel need to protect American lives and America’s interests anywhere in the world.

The order of the topics presented in this statement does not necessarily indicate the relative importance or magnitude of the threat in the view of the Intelligence Community.

Information available as of 17 January 2019 was used in the preparation of this assessment.

Download the Statement for the Record

See related:


Risks, Rewards, and Results: U.S. Companies in China and Chinese Companies in the United States – Intellectual Property Theft, Technology Transfer, Production Outsourcing, Investments and Capital Flow: U.S. Government, U.S. Senate, U.S. – China Economic and Security Review Commission

This important report compilation contains the testimony of six renowned experts at a hearing in February 2019.

This hearing evaluated two sets of relationships. In the first panel, hearing witnesses reviewed Chinese companies’ participation in the U.S. economy, and in the second panel, hearing witnesses reviewed U.S. companies’ participation in the Chinese economy.

Both panels assessed implications of this participation for U.S. businesses, workers, consumers, and investors.

This compilation includes a reproduction of the 2019 Worldwide Threat Assessment of the U.S. Intelligence Community.

Panel I: Chinese Companies in the United States: Reshaping the U.S. Competitive Landscape?

1. Elizabeth Drake, Partner, Schagrin Associates *

2. Paul Gillis, Ph. D., Professor of Practice, Peking University Guanghua School of Management *

3. William Kirby, Ph. D., Spangler Family Professor of Business Administration, Harvard Business School *

Panel II: U.S. Companies in China: How Much Pain, How Much Gain? *

4. Scott Kennedy, Ph. D. Director, Project on Chinese Business and Political Economy, Center for Strategic and International Studies *

5. Mary Lovely, Ph. D., Professor of Economics, Syracuse University Maxwell School of Public Policy *

6. Mark Wu, Henry L. Stimson Professor of Law, Harvard Law School


Over the years that this commission has been in existence, the ability to really find out what is happening to our companies operating in China in a specific and granular basis has been difficult, if not impossible, to ascertain. The issue of what is happening to and what the activities of U.S. companies operating in China are is of paramount interest, especially as negotiations between our two countries on trade issues appear to be near an end. Focus has been on intellectual property theft and the coercive activities of the Chinese government and its companies to force technology transfer as a condition of doing business there. But there is also attention to gaining greater access for U.S. investments into the Chinese market. That has been identified as a priority. But a deeper examination of the desirability of focusing on that is, in my view, merited.

Is greater investment by our companies in China in our companies’ interests and is it in the interests of our domestic producers and employees? Is it in the interests of our nation, as China has sought to advance its own interests by any means possible, legal and illegal? Do we really want our companies to move more of their operations to China? With 46 percent of China’s exports emanating from foreign-invested enterprises, U.S. and otherwise, and 60 percent of the exports targeted at the U.S. market emanating from those enterprises, will more of our investments there simply fuel more outsourcing of production and offshoring of jobs and more imports here?Today China is the world’s second largest economy, the world’s leading exporter, yet perceptions of risk and reward for the global private sector remain largely unchanged. The Australian Chamber of Commerce reported last year that more than two-thirds of their companies find it difficult to do business in China, yet remain committed because of the rise of the middle class.

When China joined the WTO, it was the sixth largest economy in terms of nominal GDP. American companies were attracted to the large and rapidly growing market in spite of concerns about restrictions on investment opportunities, a lack of regulatory transparency and inconsistent enforcement of rules and law. Today China is the world’s second largest economy and the world’s leading exporter yet perceptions of both risk and reward for the global private sector remain largely unchanged.

  • Paperback: 168 pages
  • Publisher: Independently published (July 10, 2019)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1079756876
  • ISBN-13: 978-1079756876


Huawei: Why governments are afraid of the Chinese giant

FRANCE 24 English
Published on Feb 15, 2019

Why Chinese Tech Giant Huawei Scares Countries Like the U.S.

Bloomberg Markets and Finance
Published on Feb 22, 2019

Feb.21 — Huawei has been rocked by political and legal turmoil at a time when it also happens to be poised to build the worldwide 5G revolution. Is the timing a coincidence, or a coordinated attempt to knock China’s biggest company down a peg? This is the story of how Huawei went from a small-time parts reseller to the homegrown tech giant China always hoped for, and the west always feared.

Intellectual property theft is at the core of the Chinese system: Gordon Chang

Fox Business

Published on Aug 23, 2018

“Coming Collapse of China” author Gordon Chang discusses China’s alleged theft of U.S. intellectual property and the trade dispute between the two countries.

How China, Russia steal US intellectual property

Fox Business   Published on May 14, 2018

Cybersecurity expert Morgan Wright discusses how China and Russia stole U.S. intellectual property to advance their own technologies.

FBI Sting: Did Huawei Try to Steal Tech Secrets?

Bloomberg Politics

Published on Feb 4, 2019

Feb.04 — The inventor of a nearly indestructible smartphone screen is convinced that Huawei Technologies Co. tried to steal his technology, as told in the latest edition of Bloomberg Businessweek. Bloomberg’s Erik Schatzker witnessed the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation sting operation that followed and discusses the story on “Bloomberg Surveillance.”

Intellectual Piracy in China

PBS NewsHour

Published on Aug 28, 2014

Intellectual property theft is a crime in the United States, but usually ignored in China, NewsHour economics and business correspondent Paul Solman discovered on his trip to China in 2005.

Meet Hong Kong’s Teenage Protesters | The Dispatch

The New York Times

Published on Aug 22, 2019

Antigovernment protests have raged all summer, aided by student activists. How will they be heard after they go back to school? Here’s what they told us.