Published on Jun 27, 2017
From around 700 BCE, Celtic tribes began to migrate to Iberia. They came into contact with the Romans, who ruled the entire peninsula for over four centuries until the late 300s CE. They were replaced with various Germanic kingdoms, who were in turn replaced by the Islamic Caliphate. What followed was a gradual reconquest of the area, which had been completed by 1492. After a strengthening of the union of Castile and Aragon in 1516, Iberia took a form roughly similar to today.
Ollie ByePublished on May 6, 2019
See the history of Asia unfold, every year.
Special thanks to Lazardi Wong Jogja, Ęÿūį Æßñ and David Luo for helping with research.
Original Map: http://www.maps-of-the-world.net/maps…
Published on May 6, 2019
A new UN report reveals the extent to which mankind is changing life on Earth. Written by an international panel of experts, it concludes that nearly a quarter of animal and plant groups are at risk of extinction, some within decades. William Brangham talks to one of the report’s authors, the National University of Mexico’s Patricia Balvanera, about what’s driving the changes and how to stop them.
See full report
May 06, 2019
An alarming new report by a panel of leading scientists warns that human activity is causing the disappearance and deterioration of wildlife at a rate that could represent an existential threat to humanity within our lifetimes. The United Nations’ Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, released its conclusions today, and found that one million species could go extinct in the foreseeable future unless current trends are reversed. The report will be released in full later this year. This is chair of the UN panel, Sir Robert Watson.
Sir Robert Watson: “We’re losing species at a historical rate, potentially 500,000 to a million species are threatened with loss. We’ve lost much of our native forests, much of our native wetlands and effectively biodiversity needs to be considered as an equally important issue as climate change. It’s not just an environmental issue, it is an economic issue, a development issue, a security issue, social, moral and ethical issue.”
Throughout its history, America has been defined through maps. Whether made for military strategy or urban reform, to encourage settlement or to investigate disease, maps invest information with meaning by translating it into visual form. They capture what people knew, what they thought they knew, what they hoped for, and what they feared. As such they offer unrivaled windows onto the past.
In this book Susan Schulten uses maps to explore five centuries of American history, from the voyages of European discovery to the digital age. With stunning visual clarity, A History of America in 100 Maps showcases the power of cartography to illuminate and complicate our understanding of the past.
Gathered primarily from the British Library’s incomparable archives and compiled into nine chronological chapters, these one hundred full-color maps range from the iconic to the unfamiliar. Each is discussed in terms of its specific features as well as its larger historical significance in a way that conveys a fresh perspective on the past. Some of these maps were made by established cartographers, while others were made by unknown individuals such as Cherokee tribal leaders, soldiers on the front, and the first generation of girls to be formally educated. Some were tools of statecraft and diplomacy, and others were instruments of social reform or even advertising and entertainment. But when considered together, they demonstrate the many ways that maps both reflect and influence historical change.
Audacious in scope and charming in execution, this collection of one hundred full-color maps offers an imaginative and visually engaging tour of American history that will show readers a new way of navigating their own worlds.
Published on Dec 11, 2016
LECTURE PART FIVE