Dark Chocolate: The Bitter Truth Behind the Sweets We All Enjoy | EV & N 292 | CCTV

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The production of chocolate from cocoa is a modern 21st century multinational industry that is based on the non-voluntary, “slave labor” of children in cocoa producing countries.  This represents an enduring legacy of patterns from the precolonial internal slave trade in West Africa and subsequent decades of colonial rule.

In the early twentieth century, local populations in the Ivory Coast — today’s largest producer of cocoa in the world — experienced the brutal imposition of an export-oriented “cash-cropping” economy.  This cocoa production system was founded principally upon the output of African small-holder cocoa farmers and a work-force of share-cropping populations originally from the north that had come under their control as a result of generations of precolonial trading relations.

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