Calendar – Click on Date for links entered on that Day
- Hutchins Center Live Stream – Colloquium with Beatriz Marcheco-Teruel (12-04-19) December 5, 2019
- Hutchins Center Live Stream – Nikole Hannah-Jones w/Henry Louis Gates, Jr. (12-04-19) December 5, 2019
- The Classic Slave Narratives: Henry Louis Gates December 5, 2019
- The Origins of the Modern World: A Global and Environmental Narrative from the Fifteenth to the Twenty-First Century (World Social Change): Robert B. Marks December 4, 2019
- How Did Trump Get To The Brink Of Impeachment? The Ukraine Bribery Plot Explained | MSNBC December 4, 2019
- Jamie Clarke on the first ever UK General Election debate focused on climate change December 4, 2019
- New York Burning: Liberty, Slavery, and Conspiracy in Eighteenth-Century Manhattan: Jill Lepore December 4, 2019
- Root and Branch: African Americans in New York and East Jersey, 1613-1863: Graham Russell Gao Hodges December 4, 2019
- New York and Slavery: Time to Teach the Truth: Alan J. Singer December 4, 2019
- Slavery in New York: Ira Berlin, Leslie M. Harris December 4, 2019
- In the Shadow of Slavery: African Americans in New York City, 1626-1863 (Historical Studies of Urban America): Leslie M. Harris December 4, 2019
- When The Dutch Ruled The World: Rise and Fall of the Dutch East India Company December 4, 2019
- Anglo-Dutch Wars | 3 Minute History December 4, 2019
- How did the Dutch Revolutionise Warfare in the 17th Century? December 4, 2019
- Why did the Dutch Empire Collapse ? December 4, 2019
- How The Netherlands Became The World’s Second Largest Agricultural Exporter December 4, 2019
- How did the Dutch create a colonial empire? December 4, 2019
- Capitalism and the Dutch East India Company: Crash Course World History 229 December 4, 2019
- The Dutch Revolt: The Eighty Years’ War and the Creation of the Netherlands December 4, 2019
- Dutch Golden Age 1588-1702 December 4, 2019
- The Epic Story of Dutch Manhattan and the Forgotten Colony That Shaped America (2004) December 4, 2019
- Higher Temperatures in Indian Ocean Cause Deadly Rainfalls in East Africa December 4, 2019
- House Democrats Launch New Phase in Impeachment Inquiry December 4, 2019
- Inside the ‘extraordinary’ campaign to put Brett Kavanaugh on the Supreme Court December 4, 2019
- What Happens When Fools Run Government? ( w/ Michael Lewis ) December 4, 2019
- Evidence of Trump misconduct ‘overwhelming’: impeachment report December 4, 2019
- Greta Thunberg urges action at COP25 summit December 4, 2019
- Trump impeachment evidence overwhelming – House report – BBC News December 3, 2019
- Greta Thunberg: Sustainable living should be easier December 3, 2019
- Red Rebels in Madrid | Extinction Rebellion December 3, 2019
- Climate activist Greta Thunberg lands in Lisbon ahead of COP25 climate summit December 3, 2019
- Greta Thunberg: Sustainable living should be easier December 3, 2019
- Public To See Trump Impeachment Report Tuesday; Inquiry Continues | Rachel Maddow | MSNBC December 3, 2019
- Adam Schiff: Ignoring Trump Obstruction Hurts Congress Oversight Power | Rachel Maddow | MSNBC December 3, 2019
- Trump Embarrassment: White House Officials Resign As Dems Prep New Impeachment Hearings | MSNBC December 3, 2019
- Noam Chomsky – History of US Rule in Latin America December 3, 2019
- Richard Wolff: Price of coffee beans have dropped but the cost of your cup of coffee hasn’t December 3, 2019
- Who is leading the private space race? | Peter Ward December 3, 2019
- As Resistance Halts Pipelines, LNG and Tar Sands Move via Rail December 3, 2019
- The oldest house of New York City – (is older than you think) December 3, 2019
- Middle Earth: the fight to save the Amazon’s soul December 3, 2019
- Greta Thunberg arrives in Lisbon before travelling to Madrid for #COP25 | LIVE December 3, 2019
- The Point: Aftermath of Trump’s signing of HK bill December 3, 2019
- China successfully launches 7 rockets in a month December 3, 2019
- Two-week UN Climate Conference opens in Madrid December 3, 2019
- New Netherlands December 3, 2019
- Video: British Takeover of Dutch New York December 2, 2019
- The Decision to Colonize – Dutch New York December 2, 2019
- Unfinished business at UN climate conference December 2, 2019
- Devin Nunes Now Implicated In Ukraine scandal | All In | MSNBC December 2, 2019
Daily Archives: November 15, 2018
Faust Joins Goldman Sachs Board of Directors Days After Exiting Presidency | News | The Harvard Crimson
Former University President Drew G. Faust, pictured her in Feb. 2018, will likely see significant financial perks in her new job. Photo: Amy Y. Li
By Kristine E. Guillaume, Crimson Staff Writer July 5, 2018
Former University President Drew G. Faust has joined the board of directors of Goldman Sachs, the company announced in a press release Thursday.
The move comes less than a week after Faust ended her 11-year tenure at the helm of the nation’s oldest university. Her appointment to Goldman Sachs’s board as an independent director will expand the group from 11 to 12 members.
Goldman Sachs Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Lloyd C. Blankfein ’75 praised Faust for leading Harvard through “a decade of growth and transformation” during her presidency in an emailed statement Thursday.
“Her perspective and experience running one of the most complex and preeminent institutions in the world will benefit our board, our firm and our shareholders,” Blankfein wrote.
Key Experience and Qualifications
- Institutional and risk management: Former President of Harvard University who, among other things, broadened the university’s international reach, promoted collaboration across disciplines and administrative units and helped to oversee the risks related to the university as well as the management of its endowment, all of which provides perspective on operational oversight and risk management of the firm
- Leadership and Governance: Current and prior service on the boards of directors of public and not-for-profit entities provides additional perspective on governance
- Human Capital and Diversity: Well-positioned to provide insight on the firm’s strategies relating to diversity, recruiting and retention
- Harvard University
- Lincoln Professor of History (Jan. 2001 – Present)
- President (Jul. 2007 – June 2018)
- Founding Dean, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study (Jan. 2001 – Jul. 2007)
- University of Pennsylvania (1975 – 2000); various faculty positions including as the Annenberg Professor of History and the Director of the Women’s Studies Program
Other Professional Experience and Community Involvement
- Member, Educational Advisory Board, John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation
- Member, American Academy of Arts & Sciences
- Former Member, Board of Directors, The Broad Institute Inc.
- Former Member, Board of Directors, Harvard Management Company Inc.
- Graduate of Bryn Mawr College and the University of Pennsylvania
Biofuels, Land Grabs, and the Right to Food: The Legacy of Colonialism and the Evolution of the Global Food System
The development of biofuels on a global basis has been a direct assault on the food supply of the most vulnerable populations of the world. But the biofuel scandal is part of a larger pattern of problems. In reality, the many projects for the development of biofuels in the “Global South” are only the most recent chapters in a long history of manipulation and abuse of the agricultural systems of the world’s poorest and most vulnerable populations. The historical development of the international trade in foodstuffs during the Atlantic slave-trade and the subsequent re-organization of tropical agricultural production to favor “cash crops” during the periods of “legitimate commerce” and subsequent colonial domination has led to the current stark division of agricultural labor on a global scale. Briefly put, grains are shipped in bulk to the “Global South” in exchange for tropical “cash crops” shipped to the “Global North” through what was for a long time justified in terms of “the economics of comparative advantage.”
The most recent phase of this global reorganization of agriculture on the Earth’s surface occurred in a remarkably short period of time — effectively less than the life-time of an average adult in the Western World in the post-World War II era. Because of the innovations introduced by Norman Borlaug and promoted by the Ford Foundation, the Rockefeller Foundation and agricultural organizations that they funded — including the IFPRI and the CGIAR — the world food system was transformed in essence from a “solar sustainable” system into one that has become entirely “petro-dependent.” The so called “Green Revolution” has, in this respect, been assessed in radically different ways in the light of the evolution of human agriculture. On the one hand it represented an historical “breakthrough” and truly phenomenal success story in terms of the gross production of foodstuffs in a remarkably short period of time. On the other hand, it has been signaled as a breath-taking misunderstanding of the larger ecological context of agriculture and a monumental “wrong turn” in the historical development of human civilization.
The reason for the starkly contrasting assessments of the “Green Revolution” becomes apparent when the “energetics” of agriculture are analyzed in depth. In the post-World War II era, it seemed to many agricultural “experts” that the costs of the “inputs” to agriculture had been changed — in many cases, by the war itself. Land was available, but many of the pre-war rural populations had moved into cities or became displaced by warfare. From these displaced or urbanized populations there was an increased demand for food, but the relative decline in the rural agricultural labor force made it seem attractive to mechanize and motorize agriculture wherever possible to maintain or expand production with both a relatively tight labor force and in many cases a constrained land area.
Beyond land and labor, it seemed that water needed to be “managed” as well, and the expansion of irrigation systems seemed promising as a means of overcoming water shortage constraints. In these circumstances it seemed at the time that the increased use of petroleum technologies for the motorization of labor-saving processes in agriculture, the development of irrigation systems and the systematic use of petro-generated fertilizers offered an ideal solution to the perceived constraints on agriculture in the post-World War II era. The so called “Green Revolution” succeeded precisely because it offered the combination of these immediate solutions to what was perceived to be essentially a problem of increased production of food for the world as a whole.
In the final decades of the 20th century, however, it has become apparent that the classic inputs to agricultural production were squandered in the rush to expand immediate production levels as agriculture became a petro-intensive “industry.” The expansion of human food supplies was truly phenomenal, resulting in a tripling of Earth’s human population between 1945 and 2018. But while production increased dramatically, the energy productivity (the ratio of inputs to outputs) actually declined as the entire system came to depend upon 1) non-renewable inputs (fossil fuels, ammonia-based fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, etc.) and 2) the “mining” of renewable inputs that were exploited beyond the point of their capacity to be renewed (fossil water from aquifers, natural topsoil fertility, biogenetic diversity, etc. )
In reality, hidden from view in assessing the “costs” and “benefits” of this transformation was the total miscalculation in the equations of the subsidies provided to the emerging global system from fossil fuels and natural ecosystemic cycling systems that were destroyed in the frantic rush to promote petro-intensive agriculture. Now that the large-scale and long-term ecological “costs” of this petroleum subsidized agriculture are becoming apparent, judgments about the value of the “green revolution” are shifting. in terms of its impact on global plant genetic diversity, the destruction of natural soil fertility and its massive greenhouse gas emissions, the current forms of industrialized agriculture fostered by the “green revolution” are now seen as threatening global ecological sustainability.
- The Globalization of Food Production: The Atlantic Plantation System and the Origins of Africa’s Food Crisis
- Richard Manning on catastrophic agriculture, population overshoot, industrial civilization and (other selected publications)
- Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
- The Mythology of the Green Revolution – Vandana Shiva and further works by:
- Vandana Shiva – other publications, interviews, talks, etc.
as well as:
- Soils, Agriculture, Carbon Sequestration and Human Survival and
- Real Problems – False Solutions: Climate Change, Food Security and Bio-technology
- Fueling Future Food Production: Steps Toward a Solar Sustainable Agriculture
- Key Elements of Transition Studies: Rethinking Food, Water and Energy for Survival
- VOX – Voices from Oxford: Tim Weiskel – Advice to Young People: Environmental Sustainability and
- Dark Chocolate: The Bitter Truth Behind the Sweets We All Enjoy
While all the achievements of the Green Revolution were impressive in fueling the fastest growth spurt of the human population in the history of the world, it now seems that this was accomplished by sacrificing the future sustainability of agriculture on the Earth’s surface. Civilizations that transform their solar sustainable systems to a permanent dependence upon non-renewable resources cannot — and will not –themselves be renewed. They will collapse in the future as surely as they have collapsed in the past.
For further background material see:
Property and Dispossession: Natives, Empires and Land in Early Modern North America (Studies in North American Indian History): Allan Greer
Allan Greer examines the processes by which forms of land tenure emerged and natives were dispossessed from the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries in New France (Canada), New Spain (Mexico), and New England. By focusing on land, territory, and property, he deploys the concept of ‘property formation’ to consider the ways in which Europeans and their Euro-American descendants remade New World space as they laid claim to the continent’s resources, extended the reach of empire, and established states and jurisdictions for themselves.
Challenging long-held, binary assumptions of property as a single entity, which various groups did or did not possess, Greer highlights the diversity of indigenous and Euro-American property systems in the early modern period. The book’s geographic scope, comparative dimension, and placement of indigenous people on an equal plane with Europeans makes it unlike any previous study of early colonization and contact in the Americas.