Monthly Archives: October 2018

Can We Build a Giant Wall to Stop Sea Level Rise?

Climate StatePublished on Oct 30, 2018

Is unavoidable sea level rise an engineering problem, do we have the capabilities for a technological fix? John C. Moore from the Arctic Centre of the University of Lapland presents these ideas in his October 2018 talk, “Stopping the flood – Can we engineer ice sheets and save the homes of a billion people?” Support Climate State on Patreon (Including exclusive Patreon Content Access)

Open lecture of Research Professor John C. Moore from the Arctic Centre on how we could slow sea-level rise by stabilizing the ice sheets. The lecture took place on United Nations Day on 24th October 2018 in Rovaniemi, Finland. Sea level rise will happen even if we stop using fossil fuels in the next few decades. Globally they are expected to rise by a metre this century costing tens of billions euro per year in coastal protection and forcing relocation of hundreds of millions of people and loss of many wetland ecosystems. Much of this rise is unavoidable even by cooling the climate because of ice sheet instabilities especially in Antarctica. The research, led by John C. Moore, show that we could stabilize the ice sheets by modifying the way they slide over their beds, or by increasing the buttressing that resists them as they float across the Antarctic coastline. It is not a substitute for reducing greenhouse gas emission, rather a potential solution for one symptom of warming, and one which will not work indefinitely.
Original version source…
Marine ice sheet instability…
Jakobshavn Glacier…
West Antarctic Ice Sheet…

Egypt now owns largest Solar Power Plant in the World!

Climate State
Published on Oct 30, 2018

Egypt is “entering the world of solar energy” after it inaugurated the largest solar power plant in the world early this year. the superpower plant was built in the city of Aswan, southern Egypt. It began supplying the national grid last December. Worlds largest solar Park Egypt Benban Solar Park… The plant consists of 200,000 solar panels and 780 sun trackers which allow the panels to move and face the sun throughout the day. It generates up to 1.8 gigawatts of power, which is enough to service 20,000 households. Abaza reiterated that this is the largest solar power plant in the world, noting that his country is heading towards more investment in this kind of power as part of its plans for sustainable development. He also said that solar power energy is better than oil because it is renewable, stressing that the “green economy” is a mechanism to achieve sustainable development.…

Fracking Water Use Explodes | Climate Denial Crock of the Week

Inside Climate News:

As the fracking boom matures, the drilling industry’s use of water and other fluids to produce oil and natural gas has grown dramatically in the past several years, outstripping the growth of the fossil fuels it produces.

A new study published Wednesday in the peer-reviewed journal Science Advances says the trend—a greater environmental toll than previously described—results from recent changes in drilling practices as drillers compete to make new wells more productive. For example, well operators have increased the length of the horizontal portion of wells drilled through shale rock where rich reserves of oil and gas are locked up.

They also have significantly increased the amount of water, sand and other materials they pump into the wells to hydraulically fracture the rock and thus release more hydrocarbons trapped within the shale.

The amount of water used per well in fracking jumped by as much as 770 percent, or nearly 9-fold, between 2011 and 2016, the study says. Even more dramatically, wastewater production in each well’s first year increased up to 15-fold over the same years.

“This is changing the paradigm in terms of what we thought about the water use,” Avner Vengosh, a geochemist at Duke University and a co-author of the study, said. “It’s a different ball game.”

Monika Freyman, a water specialist at the green business advocacy group Ceres, said that in many arid counties such as those in southern Texas, freshwater use for fracking is reaching or exceeding water use for people, agriculture and other industries combined.

“I think some regions are starting to reach those tipping points where they really have to make some pretty tough decisions on how they actually allocate these resources,” she said.

…(read more).

‘Insect Allies’ Program Draws Criticism | Living Lab Radio on WCAI | WCAI

By Elsa Partan & Heather Goldstone 8 hours ago

FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.


The fall armyworm spread to more than half the continent of Africa in a matter of months. It’s the kind of threat that the Insect Allies program is meant to combat.
An international group of scientists and legal scholars are warning that a federal research program called Insect Allies could unintentionally lead to biological weapons.

The program funder, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), says the end goal is to improve agriculture by genetically modifying crops in the field using insects. But critics worry that it could easily be weaponized.

Guy Reeves and Blake Bextine discuss the DARPA program ‘Insect Allies’

“Everyone’s heard of genetically modified crops, but DARPA is presenting the idea that this technology is not flexible or rapid enough,” said Guy Reeves, a post-doctoral genetics researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology in Germany and one of the authors of the critical report.

The idea is to protect food crops from diseases, pests, herbicides, and drought, and other threats. The agency is funding research to find out if genetic modifications that are usually done in the lab could instead be done in the field by insects.

“On the fly,” Reeves added.

The insects would distribute new genes to the crops by delivering a virus engineered to edit the genome of the plants using CRISPR technology.

Reeves said introducing complex traits by genetic engineering in the field is too difficult and unlikely to succeed.

“But if you wanted to cause harm to the plant, you don’t really need to introduce genes. All you need to do is knock out a single essential gene,” he said. “It’s very hard to imagine you wouldn’t very much earlier develop the knowledge necessary to develop biological weapons, which could either kill growing plants or sterilize growing plants.”

Reeves said the technology, once developed, could fall into the wrong hands. And DARPA is the only one funding this kind of work, according to Reeves.

“There’s always a risk-reward way that you have to look at this,” responded Blake Bextine, the DARPA program manager for Insect Allies. “Making sure that we are a food-secure population, we are really going to require some of these new tools.”

Bextine said that Insect Allies is following all federal and international safety protocols, including the use of three ‘kill switches’ in the insects, which would prevent them from proliferating out of control.

He said an approach like Insect Allies would have been useful in combatting a pest like the fall armyworm, which is currently eating cereal crops in Africa.

“It was introduced in April of 2017 and quickly spread to almost half the continent,” he said. “These problems can pop up very quickly and sometimes unforeseen.”

…(read more).

Examine in detail:  Insect Allies

See other WCAI programs

See related:

‘Insect Allies’ Program Draws Criticism – Living Lab Radio on WCAI : NPR

October 29, 2018

An international group of scientists and legal scholars are warning that a federal research program called Insect Allies could unintentionally lead to biological weapons. The program funder, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), says the end goal is to improve agriculture by genetically modifying crops in the field using insects. But critics worry that it could easily be weaponized.

See full text

Why the IPCC Report is so Scary

Second Thought
Published on Oct 20, 2018

Get $20 off your contacts at or enter code ‘secondthought’ at checkout Link to IPCC report: Link to companies responsible for most emissions: Why the IPCC Report is so Scary – Second Thought

The NYPL Picture Collection Online – PCO

The Picture Collection Online (PCO) is a select group of images from The New York Public Library, Mid-Manhattan Library, Picture Collection. Since its creation in 1915, the Picture Collection has met the needs of New York’s large community of artists, illustrators, designers, teachers, students, and general researchers. Covering over 12,000 subjects, the Picture Collection is an extensive circulating collection and reference archive, the largest of its kind in any public library system. Learn more about the Picture Collection »

The Picture Collection now expands to a new frontier and offers visual resources to online users worldwide. Users may search Picture Collection Online by keyword or by browsing a variety of indexes. Get help on searching PCO »

Funded by a federal Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) National Leadership Grant, and a private donation, the first installation of PCO was launched in 2002.

Visit the Picture Collection Online.

Oil and Gas Climate Initiative

A catalyst for change

OGCI is a voluntary CEO-led initiative taking practical actions on climate change. OGCI members leverage our collective strength to lower carbon footprints of energy, industry, transportation value chains via engagements, policies, investments and deployment.

The Next Generation Of Maps, NPR – WBUR – On Point

“The Next Generation Of Maps,”
NPR – WBUR – On Point, (21 June 2012).
Time was, a good map was rolled out in captain’s quarters on a rolling sea or a king’s table far from the front. Splotched with gravy. Embellished with mermaids. A grand, rough approximation of the world as we knew it. Flash forward to the smartphone in your pocket, the apps all over, the future rushing at us, and we’ve got maps gone wild.

Cartography on digital steroids. Maps loaded with terabytes of data. 3D maps. Maps you can zoom over, zoom into. Walk through. Now Google and Apple are squaring off over the next great map frontier.

[For a brief online discussion of the integration of the new mapping technology with the study of history and culture see: 


Exxon Sued Again For Climate Change Cover Up

The Ring of Fire
Published on Oct 28, 2018
The New York Attorney General has filed a lawsuit against Exxon Mobil on behalf of the company’s shareholders over their climate change denial and cover up that went on for decades. This move by the company is going to cost shareholders lots of money, and therefore this lawsuit may have a great chance at being successful. The company knew the dangers of climate change, but hid them from everyone, including their own investors, and now those decisions are coming back to haunt them. Ring of Fire’s Farron Cousins discusses this.