The Food Gap – The Impacts of Climate Change on Food Production: a 2020 Perspective

[From initial report website]
The temperature of the planet would increase by, at least, 2.4ºCelsius (4.3º Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial times, if the current business-as-usual path is followed.

Under the current distribution patterns, global food production would not be enough to fully meet the food requirements of 7.8 billion people estimated to inhabit the world in the next decade –about 900 million additional people.

By 2020, when considering the impacts of climate change and population growth, global wheat production will experience a 14 percent deficit between production and demand; global rice production an 11 percent deficit; and a 9 percent deficit in maize (corn) production. Soybean is the only crop showing an increase in global production, with an estimated 5 percent surplus.

This report was developed under the following guiding principles:

  1. The analysis is based on the scientific evidence and conclusions from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report (2007).
  2. The analysis uses the business-as-usual path the world is currently following.
  3. The assessment of the impacts of climate change is based on a short-term target. Thus, the selection of 2020 as the target year.

We believe that an increased understanding would translate into actions that lead to the adoption of concrete measures and appropriate policies towards a more sustainable and equitable future.

The human cost of inaction, otherwise, could be devastatingly expensive –not only for future generations, but for this one.




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