Published on Apr 18, 2017
From storms hitting harder and more dangerous from warming temperatures, drought, to facts about climate changing rapidly.
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4 – Change in Seasons
Several of the effects of climate change have already begun to disrupt our cycles of seasons ranging from spring to fall especially. The increase in the carbon dioxide levels has led to spring arriving approximately 11 days earlier than it did back in 1960. And with winter as well, the frost season now seems to come progressively later inside the Northern hemisphere since 1840. Lakes and river average freezing 9 days later and ice cover begin melting 10 days sooner than it used to base on records from 150 years ago. A study from 2003 showed that these changes have led to earlier blooming of plants, breeding egg-laying and migration patterns in animals. On the East coast of the United States winters are getting noticeably shorter and on the Southern ends, summers are lasting longer, the rising temperatures are becoming more obvious as they are beginning to be felt by all no matter their location.
3 – The Rise in Temperatures
Research groups for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NASA, Britain’s Hadley Center and Climatic Research Unit and Japan’s Meteorological Agency have all agreed that global temperature trends are on the rise, and there has been a particularly rapid increase in the past few decades. According to all of their statistics, since 1901 the global average surface temperature for the planet have risen at an average rate of 0.13 degrees Fahrenheit per decade. However, the United States has warmed at nearly twice that global rate since the 1970s. Sea surface temperatures have also begun to rise higher than ever before, over the last 30 years these temperatures have risen at a rate of 0.21 Fahrenheit degrees per decade.
2 – Feeling the Heat
Forecasts in Earth’s weather patterns are now saying that there will be an increase of approximately 10 degrees Fahrenheit over the next century, at least. In Texas for example, the July heat index is predicted to rise by 25 degrees Fahrenheit over this coming century. The United Kingdom is also feeling the heat, during the summer of 2002 a ravenous heat wave spread viciously through Europe and India, over 50,000 were hospitalized due to heat related illnesses and injuries, 20,000 people in Europe and 1,500 in India didn’t make it through the devastating increase in temperatures. Urban areas are said to be are far greater risks for these kinds of heat related problems, all that black cement, asphalt and tar roofs effectively act as a giant conductors for the already extremely high temperatures. It’s called a heat island effect and nearly every major city across the world is due to feel the effects as the temperatures continue to rise worldwide. The elderly and the young are said to be especially vulnerable to these raising patterns of heightened heat. The United Nations weather agency says that large cities can expect to suffer twice as many injuries, illnesses and deaths as a result from heat waves by the year 2020.
1 – Sea Levels Rising
Core samples, tide gauge readings and satellite measurements all have the same results, the Global Sea level is rising and fast! Over the past century, the Global sea level have risen by 4 to 8 inches, over the past 20 years, the annual rate has been 0.13 inches a year, which is roughly twice the average speed of the previous 80 years. When water heats up, it expands, warmer oceans occupy more space. Even a small increase can have devastating effects such as erosion, flooding, soil contamination, loss of habitats for fish, birds, plants and even people. Hundreds of millions of people live within areas which are vulnerable to flooding, these higher sea levels could force many to abandon their homes and lose their domiciles forever. Low-lying islands are theorised to possibly disappear completely within only a few years. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has stated that they expect the oceans to rise between 11 and 38 inches by 2100, enough to swamp entire cities lingering along the United States East Coast. The direst of estimates maintains that if the ice sheets continue to melt effectively making sea levels rise even faster, than the sea level could rise up to 23 feet, which is enough to submerge London.