By Matt McGrath Environment correspondent, Johannesburg
Elephant populations in Africa have declined by around 111,000 over the past 10 years according to a new study.
The African Elephant Status report says that poaching is the main driver of the fall, the worst losses in 25 years.
However the authors say that long-term issues such as the loss of habitat also pose a significant threat.
The report has been presented at the Cites meeting which is considering new proposals on elephant protection.
The growing demand for ivory in Asian markets means the illegal trade continues to threaten the future of elephants in Africa