Daily Archives: July 12, 2016

Unearthing a Philistine cemetery in ancient Ashkelon

Harvard University

Published on Jul 11, 2016

Researchers from the Harvard-backed Leon Levy Expedition discuss a “moment of history that has never been seen before” as they uncover 160 individual remains that will provide insights into the lives and ancestry of the Philistines.

Global Climate Change
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The 20 Richest People Of All Time (No 1 Will Blow Your Mind)

Top x Best

Published on Aug 31, 2015

Richest Man in The World – The 20 Richest People Of All Time

There are wealthy people and there are renowned wealthy people. Humanity has produced billionaires all around the world, but history has registered a significant number of multi-billionaires, whose wealth trembled the world. They are the richest of all times. One would think that with the modern-day sophisticated technology and lifestyle, the present day billionaires would douse the flames of the ancient royalties and Lords. That has not happened. At least not yet. As a couple of our modern-day billionaires make the list however, here are the 20 richest people of all time.
Here are the 20 Richest People Of All Time:

20. Friedrich Weyerhaeuser
Net Worth: $80 Billion

19. Henry Duke of Lancaster
Net Worth: $85.1 Billion

18. A.T Stewart
Net Worth: $90 Billion

17. Stephen Girard
Net Worth: $105 Billion

16. John of Gaunt
Net Worth: $110 Billion

15. Richard FitzAlan
Net Worth: $118.6 Billion

14. John Jacob Astor
Net Worth: $121 Billion

13. Williams de Warrene
Net Worth: $147.13 Billion

12. Bill Gates
Net Worth: $136 Billion

11. Allan Rufus
Net Worth: $178.65 Billion

10. Cornelius Vanderbilt
Net Worth: $185 Billion

9. Henry Ford
Net Worth: $199 Billion

8. Muammar Gaddafi
Net Worth: $200 Billion

7. William the Conqueror
Net Worth: $229.6 Billion

6. Mir Osman Ali Kan
Net Worth: $230 Billion

5. Nikolai Alexandrovich Romanov
Net Worth: $300 Billion

4. Andrew Carnegie
Net Worth: $310 Billion

3. John D. Rockefeller
Net Worth: $340 Billion

2. The Rothschild Family
Net Worth: $350 Billion

1. Mansa Musa 1
Net Worth: $400 Billion

Global Climate Change
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Haiti’s Future In Coffee

Clinton Foundation

Published on Jul 11, 2016

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UK Shakeup: Theresa May to Become Prime Minister

Associated Press

Published on Jul 11, 2016

Theresa May was set to become Britain’s next prime minister on Wednesday after her sole remaining rival, Energy Minister Andrea Leadsom, withdrew from the race to lead the Conservative Party. (July 11)

Global Climate Change
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Flourishing: A Frank Conversation about Sustainability: John R. Ehrenfeld, Andrew J. Hoffman

Flourishing: A Frank Conversation about Sustainability invites you into a conversation between a teacher, John R. Ehrenfeld, and his former student now professor, Andrew J. Hoffman, as they discuss how to create a sustainable world. Unlike virtually all other books about sustainability, this one goes beyond the typical stories that we tell ourselves about repairing the environmental damages of human progress.

Through their dialogue and essays that open each section, the authors uncover two core facets of our culture that drive the unsustainable, unsatisfying, and unfair social and economic machines that dominate our lives. First, our collective model of the way the world works cannot cope with the inherent complexity of today’s highly connected, high-speed reality. Second, our understanding of human behavior is rooted in this outdated model. Driven by the old guard, sustainability has become little more than a fashionable idea. As a result, both business and government are following the wrong path—at best applying temporary, less unsustainable solutions that will fail to leave future generations in better shape.

To shift the pendulum, this book tells a new story, driven by being and caring, as opposed to having and needing, rooted in the beauty of complexity and arguing for the transformative cultural shift that we can make based on our collective wisdom and lived experiences. Then, the authors sketch out the road to a flourishing future, a change in our consumption and a new approach to understanding and acting.

There is no middle ground; without a sea change at the most basic level, we will continue to head down a faulty path. Indeed, this book is a clarion call to action. Candid and insightful, it leaves readers with cautious hope.

Dr. Ehrenfeld returned to teach at his alma mater, MIT, in 1985 after a long career in the environmental field, and retired in 2000 as the Director of the MIT Program on Technology, Business, and Environment. Following that, he served until 2009 as Executive Director of the International Society for Industrial Ecology, guiding its development from its founding in 2000. He is the author of Sustainability by Design: A Subversive Strategy for Transforming our Consumer Culture, and Flourish: A Frank Conversion about Sustainability (with Andrew Hoffman). He served from 2008 to 2012 on the adjunct faculty at the Marlboro College Graduate Center where he taught “Exploring Sustainability” in their MBA for Managing Sustainability program.

In October 1999, the World Resources Institute honored him with their first lifetime achievement award for his academic accomplishments in the field of business and environment. He received the Founders’ Award for Distinguished Service from the Academy of Management’s Organization and Natural Environment Division in August 2000. He spent part of the 1998-1999 academic year at the Technical University of Lisbon as a Fulbright Distinguished Scholar and was Visiting Professor at the Technical University of Delft during the 2000-1 academic year. He serves on several boards. He is an editor of the Journal of Industrial Ecology. He holds a B. S. and Sc. D. in Chemical Engineering from MIT, and is author or co-author of over 200 papers, books, reports, and other publications.

Global Climate Change
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The Rise and Fall of American Growth: The U.S. Standard of Living since the Civil War: Robert J. Gordon

In the century after the Civil War, an economic revolution improved the American standard of living in ways previously unimaginable. Electric lighting, indoor plumbing, home appliances, motor vehicles, air travel, air conditioning, and television transformed households and workplaces. With medical advances, life expectancy between 1870 and 1970 grew from forty-five to seventy-two years. Weaving together a vivid narrative, historical anecdotes, and economic analysis, The Rise and Fall of American Growth provides an in-depth account of this momentous era. But has that era of unprecedented growth come to an end?

Gordon challenges the view that economic growth can or will continue unabated, and he demonstrates that the life-altering scale of innovations between 1870 and 1970 can’t be repeated. He contends that the nation’s productivity growth, which has already slowed to a crawl, will be further held back by the vexing headwinds of rising inequality, stagnating education, an aging population, and the rising debt of college students and the federal government. Gordon warns that the younger generation may be the first in American history that fails to exceed their parents’ standard of living, and that rather than depend on the great advances of the past, we must find new solutions to overcome the challenges facing us.

A critical voice in the debates over economic stagnation, The Rise and Fall of American Growth is at once a tribute to a century of radical change and a harbinger of tougher times to come.

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Environmentalism: A Global History: Ramachandra Guha

A new entry in the Longman World History Series, Environmentalism: A Global History is perfect for professors who want to assign short topical paperbacks which explore global issues and movements in their world history classes. This volume will fit into the second half of World History courses which typically cover the period from 1500 to the present century.

Environmentalism: A Global History is the first genuinely global history of environmentalism. Written by one of the foremost thinkers on ecological issues relating to South Africa, Guha has become one of the more provocative and perceptive commentators on environmentalism in its cross-cultural and global dimensions. Students will find this new text to be a lively and engaging study of ideas and debates that are central to our lives in the twentieth-first century.

Global Climate Change
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How to protect coasts from sea-level rise – Yale Climate Connections

North-facing native plants form a living shoreline on Moran Creek in Lancaster County, Va. (Credit: Kathy Powell). Copyright protected. Expert thinking on shorelines has undergone big changes on ‘hard’ vs. ‘soft’ approaches.

By Jan Ellen Spiegel

In the years since Katrina decimated the Gulf Coast and Irene and Sandy inundated just about everything from the Caribbean to Canada, there’s been ongoing second-guessing on what should have been done to better protect those coastal areas.

Once, the instant answer would have been a seawall. Or maybe a bulkhead, revetment, groin, jetty. Something hard to hold back the water.

According to research released in 2015 by Rachel Gittman, a post-doctoral researcher at Northeastern University’s Marine Science Center, about 14 percent of the U.S. tidal shoreline has been hardened.

But many now believe that softer shoreline defenses are better.

Such defenses allow water and the land next to it to do what they naturally do to protect themselves in the face of storms, sea level rise, and erosion.

Living shorelines are the current darling of the soft concept. They are typically sloping barriers that mimic natural shorelines. They are planted with vegetation and salt marsh to help make them strong. They buffer, but they also move and change as any undeveloped shoreline would.

But all shoreline protections have benefits and pitfalls that need to be weighed against each other.

…(read more).

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Gauging Greenland’s Melt


Uploaded on Jul 10, 2016

Dr. Laurence Smith and his team are on the ice in Greenland measuring how rapidly meltwaters are finding their way into the global ocean.

The answers will help determine how rapidly, and how severely, cities and countries world wide are affected by sea level rise.

Global Climate Change
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