Daily Archives: September 4, 2015

Naomi Klein: Capitalism and the Climate, Festival of Dangerous Ideas 2015


Ideas At The House

Streamed live on Sep 5, 2015

Is Capitalism now at war with our planet?

The Festival of Dangerous Ideas (FODI) is an annual event that brings leading thinkers and culture creators from around the world to the Sydney Opera House stages and online to discuss and debate the important ideas of our time.

5& 6 Sept, Sydney Opera House. Buy tickets and view the full line-up of speakers, talks and info here: http://fodi.sydneyoperahouse.com/tick…

http://sydneyoperahouse.com/ideas

Global Climate Change
Environment Ethics
Environment Justice

Rare Hurricane Pounds Cape Verde Islands

http://www.wunderground.com/blog/JeffMasters/comment.html?entrynum=3098

By: Jeff Masters and Bob Henson , 4:23 PM GMT on August 31, 2015

For the first time since 1892, a full-fledged hurricane is pounding the Cape Verde islands, as Hurricane Fred heads northwest at 12 mph through the islands in the far eastern North Atlantic. The eye of Fred passed just southwest of Boa Vista Island in the Republic of Cabo Verde (formerly called the Cape Verde Islands) near 8 am EDT Monday, with the northeastern eyewall likely hitting the island. The center of Fred is expected to pass over or very close to the northwestern Cape Verde islands of Sao Nicolou, Santa Luzuia, Sao Vicente, and Sao Antao by Monday night. All three reporting stations in the islands went off-line early Monday morning, so we have no observations to report. Despite their name (which translates to “green cape” in English), the Cape Verde islands have a semi-desert climate, with an average annual rainfall of only around 10 inches. The torrential rains of 4 – 6″ predicted from Fred, with isolated totals of up to 10”, are likely to cause unprecedented flood damage on the islands. Fred may well turn out to be the Republic of Cabo Verde’s most expensive natural disaster in history.

…(read more).

Global Climate Change
Environment Ethics
Environment Justice

The Scramble for Africa and the Berlin Conference


hellokikihi

Published on Apr 11, 2014

TRANSCRIPT:
The Scramble for Africa and the Berlin Conference
What was the Scramble for Africa? In the 1800s, European countries were rushing into Africa to plant their flags into the land and claim colonies
Because of Industrialization, Europe wanted Africa’s valuable resources
Some of these included: palm oil, cotton, gold,diamonds, and rubber
The control of the Suez canal was also extremely important for countries wishing to trade with India and China
Overall, the Europeans thought: the more colonies they had, the larger their military would be, making them a more powerful country
In the midst of this scramble to place flags on crucial African lands disputes popped up over who had the best claim.
When this began to disrupt trade and travel, Otto Von Bismarck called together a meeting called The Berlin Conference
In 1884, 14 countries (minus anyone from Africa) met in Berlin.

The major countries at the conference were: Britain, France, Belgium, and Portugal.
These countries gained much of the most strategic pieces of land
The French gained control of northwestern Africa (including Algeria)
The British had control of both South Africa and Egypt (which included influence over the Suez Canal)
King Leopold II of Belgium gained the Congo (in Central Africa)
and the Portuguese established their control of the Western and Eastern edges of Africa

What effect did this have on the native African population?
While Europe their primary goal to be the end of slavery in Africa, their actions resulted in the increase in the women and children slaves
They also claimed to be the “most civilized” but in reality they carried out horrible travesties in their colonies. In particular in King Leopold II’s Congo River Basin over 5 million were murdered and hundreds had their hands chopped off

Europeans also arbitrarily drew boundaries without any regard for the local people groups.
It was common for the controlling European power to exploit any existing animosity between people groups in order to keep the population divided and weak
This led to countless disputes, civil wars, and even genocide
You might recall the recent stories of thousands upon thousands murdered in the Sudanese Civil War, in the ongoing conflict between the Hutus and Tutsis, and in the Darfur Massacre
The Industrial Revolution in Europe pushed countries to acquire colonies which could supply raw materials while at the same time become a captured market to sell their manufactured goods.
This rush for colonies (a.k.a. The Scramble for Africa) led to the drawing of arbitrary boundary lines, resulting in tragic unintended consequences that are still affecting Africa today.

SOURCES:
* Primary source of the Treaty of Berlin 1885: http://www.blackpast.org/treaty-berli…
– A. Supan, Die territoriale Entwicklung der Euroaischen Kolonien. Gotha: 1906. p. 254. Extent of Colonialism. https://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel….
– Berlin, Conference of. (2013). Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th Edition, 1.
– Hargreaves, J. (1984). The Berlin West Africa Conference: a timely centenary?. History Today, 3416-22.
-The Berlin Conference: Creating a Better Africa. A Brief History of the Berlin Conference. http://teacherweb.ftl.pinecrest.edu/s….
– Verstraelen, F. J. (1984). Hundred years after the Berlin conference [on the Congo] 1884-85. Mission Studies, 1(2), 84-86.
– Allen, R. C. “Why The Industrial Revolution Was British: Commerce, Induced Invention, And The Scientific Revolution.” Economic History Review 64.2 (2011): 357-384. Business Source Premier. Web. 12 Apr. 2014.
– Bragg, M., & Drayton, R., Rathbone, R., Lewis, J., (2013, Oct 31). The Berlin Conference. BBC 4 Radio. Podcast retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b03ffkfd
– Hochschild, Adam. “Leopold’s Congo: A Holocaust We Have Yet To Comprehend.” Chronicle Of Higher Education 46.36 (2000): B4. Academic Search Premier. Web. 12 Apr. 2014.
– Abimbola, Olaifa Temitope, and Danjibo Nathaniel Dominic. “The 1994 Rwandan Conflict: Genocide Or War?.” International Journal On World Peace 30.3 (2013): 31-54. Academic Search Premier. Web. 12 Apr. 2014.

Global Climate Change
Environment Ethics
Environment Justice

‘Snail’s pace’ row over progress at UN climate talks – BBC News

By Matt McGrath Environment correspondent, BBC News, Bonn

Image copyright Getty Images Image caption While climate negotiators were meeting in Germany, President Obama was highlighting the issue at a glacier in Alaska

UN officials have reacted sharply to criticism from their Secretary General that climate talks are going at a “snail’s pace”.

Ban Ki-moon has been concerned that the negotiations are moving too slowly to deliver a new global deal in December.

His views were echoed by many delegates at this latest meeting in Germany.

But one of the men tasked with drafting a new text said that even going at the pace of a mollusc, a draft agreement would be ready for Paris.

And referring to Mr Ban’s lofty New York office, Ahmed Djoghlaf said that it was difficult for someone living up on the 38th floor to know what was going on in the basement.

I think that politically we are now in a situation where everybody wants a deal, so we will get one, but the nature of the deal is absolutely still in question Prof Michael Jacobs, former UK government climate adviser

Mr Djoghlaf was speaking here in Bonn where he and his fellow co-chair of the talks, Dan Reifsnyder, were again tasked with producing a draft agreement that would be ready for countries to negotiate over in the French capital at the end of the year.

…(read more).

Global Climate Change
Environment Ethics
Environment Justice

Obama Highlights Climate Change in Alaska and Joe Biden’s 2016 Path to Victory


PBS

Published on Sep 4, 2015

President Obama became the first sitting president to visit the Arctic Circle this week as part of his trip to Alaska promoting his climate change agenda. Peter Baker of the New York Times calls Obama’s trip his “legacy lap” and something to cross off his bucket list. Meanwhile, Vice President Joe Biden continues to weigh a 2016 run for the top job. Jeanne Cummings of The Wall Street Journal reports on what would make the campaign different than Biden’s two previous campaigns. Plus, The Washington Post’s Karen Tumulty explains the niche John Kasich has filled in the Republican race for president as he runs on his record in government.

Global Climate Change
Environment Ethics
Environment Justice

Day of chaos hits Hungary as migrants march to Austria


euronews (in English)

Published on Sep 4, 2015

Amid chaotic scenes at Keleti station in Budapest a thousand, mainly Syrian nationals, have set off for Vienna on foot.

==Keleti is walking! Refugees and migrants walking down main highway to the Austrian border. pic.twitter.com/bQ9UYLSstJ— gultuysuz (@gultuysuz) September 4, 2015
==

Earlier right-wing extremists hurled fireworks into the crowd that had been camped at the station for days, sparking an angry response.

The migrants are desperate to reach Germany.

As Europe witne…
READ MORE : http://www.euronews.com/2015/09/04/da…

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Global Climate Change
Environment Ethics
Environment Justice

Behind the scenes of Greenpeace’s Gazprom protest


GreenpeaceVideo

Published on Sep 18, 2012

In August, six Greenpeace campaigners boarded a Russian offshore platform in protest against plans to drill for oil in the Arctic. This film shows how Greenpeace planned and executed the protest at Gazprom’s Prirazlomnoye oil platform.

Global Climate Change
Environment Ethics
Environment Justice