How Media Has Helped Advance Big Oil’s Climate Deception Campaign | Blog | Media Matters for America

July 9, 2015 4:26 PM EDT ››› DENISE ROBBINS

A new report exposes the many ways that Big Oil has been working to deceive the public on climate change over the past several decades. The media has fallen for many of its tactics, effectively allowing the industry to change the debate on climate science and hide the industry backing behind its front groups and campaigns.

For nearly three decades, top executives at ExxonMobil have known that fossil fuel emissions harm the climate, according to a document uncovered by the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS). And since then, the UCS report shows, Exxon and other major oil companies have been working to “deceive the public” about the truth on climate change.

The UCS report — titled “The Climate Deception Dossiers: Internal Fossil Fuel Industry Memos Reveal Decades of Corporate Disinformation” — is based on a trove of internal company and trade association documents and identifies seven tactics that oil companies have used to sow misinformation and sway public opinion in its favor. Several of these tactics involve spreading “disinformation,” and the media has taken the bait. Here’s how:

Including False Balance In Climate Change Coverage

A key document uncovered by UCS is a 1998 memo from the American Petroleum Institute (API) that includes a draft “Global Climate Science Communications Plan.” The plan’s stated goal is that a “majority of the American public, including industry leadership, recognizes that significant uncertainties exist in climate science, and therefore raises questions among those (e.g. Congress) who chart the future U.S. course on global climate change.” API’s plan says one of its hoped-for “victories” is for media coverage to “reflect balance on climate science.” And indeed, false balance is rampant in mainstream media coverage of climate science. For example, in 2014, every broadcast Sunday news show except CBS’ Face the Nation aired segments that included false balance on climate science.

…(read more).

Global Climate Change
Environment Ethics
Environment Justice

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