Least developed countries were cut out of the UN climate talks, with decisions made by powerful allies behind closed doors, says a member of Nepal’s negotiating team
At 4 am on the morning of 13 December – about 12 hours after the UN climate meeting was supposed to end – a group of frustrated negotiators from the least developed countries (LDCs) gathered in a small room to discuss the text of the final resolution, produced without their consultation. Many points the world’s poorest countries had objected to remained in the document.
“We were not even consulted before the document was presented and we are embarrassed by the way meetings have been conducted in Lima,” said one LDC negotiator. “Negotiations are done behind closed doors among powerful countries and their allies, which is not fair,” said another.
Those countries worst affected by climate change were so sidelined that they only saw the document after it was distributed in the plenary for consideration.
Negotiators from around 190 countries gathered in the Peruvian capital for two weeks of in December for talks the UN hoped would be decide key elements of a global agreement to combat climate change. The UN wants a deal finalised in Paris in December 2015. However after fierce negotiations, the draft agreement was scrapped at the last minute and the meeting chairs produced a new text on the December 11 – just a day before the meeting was scheduled to close.
Deep divisions between developed and developing countries about how to divide the cost of tackling climate change remained as entrenched as ever at the UN’s Lima climate talks.Developing countries argue rich nations have an historic responsibility to fund our efforts to adopt low carbon technologies and adapt our economies to climate change because they have been the biggest emitters of greenhouse gases. Rich countries want developing countries to commit to emissions control before finalising promises of money and technology.
After the failure to agree on the original text presented by the co-chairs of the Adhoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action — a mechanism set up in 2011 with a mandate to work out the Paris agreement — the Peruvian president of the UN climate change convention, Manuel Pulgar-Vidal, asked ministers from Singapore and Norway to facilitate consultations through the night and agree the final resolution.