Regional powers like Brazil and Peru see themselves as key facilitators for Paris deal, but critics say they should also take bold action on emissions domestically
A participant at Lima climate change conference COP20, Peru. Photograph: IISD
South American diplomats expect to make progress towards a global climate deal at this week’s UN talks in Lima, despite growing criticism from NGOs that governments in the region are backtracking on pledges to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and protect the environment.
Senior officials from the host, Peru, and biggest regional emitter, Brazil, told the Guardian they aimed to help negotiators draw up a draft agreement specifying measures to prevent global warming reaching catastrophic levels.
The draft is expected be finalised and signed at at conference next year in Paris. It will be legally binding and applicable to all signatories, though levels of responsibility to reduce greenhouse gases will vary from nation to nation depending on their level of development.
Before that, however, a great deal of work has to be done at the UN conference of the parties (COP) in Lima, where Latin American countries will need to play an important role.